Released in 1996 by publisher Looking Glass Studios, who also developed it, Terra Nova: Strike Force Centauri is a PC first-person action game with an emphasis on squad-level tactics. It takes place within a dystopian future setting in which Earth's star system is controlled by an authoritarian government known as the Hegemony, leading a small group of rebellious dissidents to colonize the Alpha Centauri system. From this original group of settlers, twelve individual clans sprung up, splintering the population and making it vulnerable to pirate activity. This prompts the creation of the titular Strike Force Centauri (or SFC), a military force which was devised to bring together the best from across the clans to protect the interests of the Centauri system as a whole. As the squad leader of the SFC, the player is responsible for undertaking a variety of missions in defense of Centauri while also being charged with directing up to three additional squad members in battle.
Terra Nova utilizes the same game engine that powered some of Looking Glass Studios' previous games, including Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss and System Shock, though it differentiates itself visually from its predecessors through the rendering of large outdoor environments. Its development cycle was famously protracted in comparison to previous Looking Glass releases, and when it came out in 1996 it was noted by many critics that its graphical presentation did not compare well with other contemporary games. In spite of this, overall critical appraisal of Terra Nova, specifically of its gameplay and overall quality, was positive. The title unfortunately sold only moderate numbers in the face of strong competition within the first-person market, and Terra Nova would go on to be widely viewed as one of Looking Glass Studios' biggest financial failures, as it didn't sell well enough to recover the cost of its lengthy development, which was compounded by the fact that it was self-published.
Development on Terra Nova started in 1992 shortly after shipment of Ultima Underworld, and was in concurrent development with its sequel, Ultima Underworld II: Labyrinth of Worlds. According to Dan Schmidt, the credited project lead for Terra Nova, the title was conceived of by a newly hired programmer at Looking Glass, who envisioned it as a simulation-style game focusing on the actions of a small squad of soldiers in powered battle suits. Early in development, the intention was to make Terra Nova's gameplay extremely realistic, with objects and even AI within its world behaving in believable ways. While Ultima Underworld II would be released in early 1993, and an additional title, System Shock, would be conceived, developed, and released by the company in 1994, Terra Nova remained in continued development, a fact which Schmidt attributed both to a lack of any clear deadline for the project, as well as a general lack of direction that ensued after the programmer who spearheaded the title left the company. Schmidt also asserted that his ascension from AI programmer to lead programmer (he would later become the project lead) was largely a result of there being "a void to fill."
Further delaying the release of Terra Nova was the decision to add FMV cutscenes to the game, which required significant development resources be redirected for their production. Schmidt later stated that the decision was made from "up above" largely out of a perceived necessity for the developers to keep up with the gaming zeitgeist at the time. Games which used large amounts of FMV, like 1994's Wing Commander III: Heart of the Tiger, were being lauded by many as the future of gaming, and some within the company felt the game's cutscenes, which were initially planned to be more simple, had to be expanded in scope. The game was already years in development when the call was made to add FMV, and in retrospect, said Schmidt, creating them was probably a mistake for a number of reasons. Schmidt called them "a giant distraction" for the developers, while the cost of producing them increased the number of units the game had to sell just to break even. Shchmidt stated that they "ended up just costing us more and delaying the game even more" without actually increasing the game's potential sales numbers.
Within the last year of its development, Terra Nova's gameplay underwent a significant overhaul, as six months before its release, Schmidt said, the game simply "wasn't fun at all." The changes largely removed some of the more complex simulation aspects of the game, such as a physics system that Looking Glass "just couldn't get ... to work robustly enough for a shipping game," said Schmidt. In place of these mechanics, Terra Nova was transformed into a game with less of an emphasis on realism, and more of a focus on "arcadey" elements. Such drastic changes were likely made as a result of growing fears about the fate of the project and increased pressure to release the game, as Schmidt felt "at some point Terra Nova had to ship or the company was going to go under or we were going to cancel it." While Schmidt admitted via interview that his sentiments regarding Terra Nova overall are somewhat negative, he remained positive about the last-minute changes, saying that "we actually ended up shipping something that was at least somewhat enjoyable to play."
Set within the Alpha Centauri system during the 24th century, Terra Nova begins by depicting the formation of Strike Force Centauri, a military group designed to unify the Centauri clans against piratacy, and the game officially commences as the player character, Nikola ap Io, assumes the responsibilities of squad leader. Early on, the SFC combats only pirate groups, but before long it becomes clear that the pirates are receiving aid from an unknown ally. As Nikola and his team dig further, it is revealed that the pirates' secret supporter is none other than the Earth Hegemony, the totalitarian regime that forced the current residents of Centauri to flee the Sol System in search of a home free from persecution. Upon discovering Earth's involvement, Creon Pentheus, the system's Hegemony ambassador, formally announces the annexation of the Centauri colonies, which is met quickly by a declaration of war from the Centauri Council.
With the threat of the Hegemony renewed, the SFC refocuses its efforts in order to fight them. Over time, though, a series of uncanny Hegemony ambushes as well as the capture of Nikola lead the SFC to realize that there is a Hegemony mole within their midst who isfeeding information to their enemy. After being rescued, Nikola is successfully able to divine that the mole's identity is Simon Ashford, which he discovers by covertly infiltrating a pirate base and unscrambling the informant's transmissions. This realization is not in time to save the SFC's commanding officer, Arlen MacPherson, who succumbs to poisoning, presumably at Ashford's hands. Upon being outed as a traitor, Ashford shows no remorse for his actions, and chooses to jump to his own death from the doors of an SFC flight bay rather than face trial and imprisonment. No longer worried that the Hegemony will have foreknowledge of their actions, the SFC redoubles its efforts to drive the invaders from their system.
As the war continues, Nikola and his team deal with a number of threats from the Hegemony, such as the revelation that their armies are being bolstered by cybernetically-enhanced clone warriors bred specifically for combat. The SFC is eventually able to destroy the Hegemony's clone production facilities, and also fend off several attempts by Earth government to gain permanent footholds within the system. In the end, the Hegemony is forced to withdraw to Carpaccio Station on the planet Thatcher, and it is there that the SFC forces a final confrontation, destroying the base and all Hegemony forces within it by attaching a powerful explosive device to its fuel source before detonating it from a distance. In the aftermath of the war, Earth government denies any involvement, painting ambassador Pentheus as an outlier who acted without authorization. While the SFC is enraged by this disavowal, they take solace in the knowledge that they are still free men.
Terra Nova's gameplay takes place entirely within the first person, and though there are a few exceptions to the rule, combat is its primary focus. The player is equipped in all missions with powered battle armor, or PBA, which provides advanced movement, targeting, and offensive capabilities, as well as numerous auxiliary functions. As the game progresses, additional suit types become available, as well as more weapon and equipment choices, and it is up to the player to decide on a per-mission basis which PBA to use and how best to outfit it. Gameplay is broken up into a series of short missions, and while the progression from one mission to the next is entirely linear, the player is usually given some leeway in how they can accomplish their objectives. Scenarios oftentimes can have varying levels of success, and the player can furthermore earn commendations in the form of medals for achieving certain feats, such as consistently bringing squad mates back without injury.
In order to display the wealth of information that players must decipher while piloting a PBA, Terra Nova employs a multi-function display, or MFD, interface that is quite similar to the one used in the previously-released Looking Glass title, System Shock. As in System Shock, the MFD is broken up into three distinct panes. The leftmost pane is used to display information pertinent to the player's squad members while also allowing easy access to squad commands. The central pane is devoted entirely to one's mission map, which shows nearby targets of interest and also any nav points the player has set. Lastly, the rightmost pane is dedicated to the management, selection, and activation of various weapons and auxiliary suit functions while also providing overall status readouts. The game is controlled through a combination of mouse and keyboard controls; movement is contolled through the keyboard, with numerous additional hotkeys assigned to common functions, while the mouse is used to taget and attack objects within the environment, and also to interact with the game's heads-up display.
The player is accompanied in almost all missions by up to three of their SFC squad mates. As the ranking officer in the field, the player is able to issue orders to any soldiers in their group, which can take the form of general mandates on what combat tactics should be employed, to more specific directives to attack specified targets, hold a given point, or follow the squad leader. Each squad member falls under one of five specializations: weapon, recon, repair, demolition, or electronics. Depending on what specialization a member possesses, the squad leader may be able to issue additional orders such as demolishing an emplacement or rewiring enemy equipment. The player has some control over what squad mates are taken into battle in a given scenario, though in many cases missions have set requirements for squad makeup. A mission that entails finding and recovering a downed ally in a damaged PBA suit, for instance, will have hard requirements for repair and electronic specialists.
Pre-mission customization also extends beyond simply determining what members of the SFC will partake in the coming mission, as most aspects of the PBAs used in battle can be customized prior to commencement of the mission proper. Both the player's and all squad mate's PBAs can be fully customized, which includes not only determining weapon and ASF loadouts, but also what model of PBA is used by each member. Equipment availability is predetermined to an extent, with more advanced equipment and weapons that replace older technology becoming available only as the game progresses, though there is still space within these confines for the player to significantly impact the outcome of a mission through their choices. A time-sensitive objective, for example, might be easier to accomplish in a speedy recon suit rather than a more cumbersome heavy PBA.
Though a multiplayer component was originally slated to be included in the final product, the long and somewhat troubled development cycle of Terra Nova led Looking Glass to ship the game with only single-player modes, which included a 37-mission campaign (not counting tutorial missions) and a random battle mode which generates custom missions based on player-specified parameters. Looking Glass publicly expressed a desire to patch the game post-release in order to add multiplayer functionality to the game, though this never came to pass.
Personal Battle Armor (PBA)
Nikola ap Io and his squad, as the best the Centauri system has to offer, are privy to the latest in powered armor suit technology. The Centaurians as a people are known for their technical prowess, and because of that it is without surprise that their PBAs outstrip even those of the powerful Hegemony. The PBA suits used by Nikola and his squad, known as XR-5 suits, are advanced even by Centauri standards, and are made available exclusively to the SFC. All PBAs come standard with jump jets, advanced sensor equipment, and rechargeable shielding, not to mention a variety of other advanced electronics. Weapons are arm-mounted, and depending on the model a PBA can hold up to four individual armaments. In spite of the incredible resources available to the Hegemony and the speed at which they can produce their terrible bio-mechanical cloned shock troops, the technological advantage of the Centauri people allows them to remain on even footing even when greatly outnumbered. Over time, additional variants of the main XR-5 suit become available for use.
Being a lightweight reconnaissance model, the AR-6 Scout Suit sacrifices many of the amenities of heavier suits in favor of increased mobility, stealth and better enemy detection. It has a much larger sensor range (and better zoom functionality) than any other suit, and its minimal energy signature means that it is also harder to detect. The Scout Suit has been streamlined to such a degree in fact that it can only hold two weapons, one on each arm, and can scarcely spare any of its power for shield regeneration, making its recharge rate extremely slow. For situations that require quick infiltration without drawing undue attention, the AR-6 is ideal.
- Speed: 60 kph
- Armor: Light
- Sensor Range: 240/100m
- Weapon Slots: 2
The XR-5 is a balance of maneuverability and power, and as its name implies it is the go-to suit in many a combat scenario. It is reasonably resilient, and incredibly dangerous due to its four weapon slots. If it has a weakness, it is that it does not excel over other suits in any single area. For missions that require espionage or brute force tactics, there are certainly better suit choices to be made. When the demands of a mission are unknown, however, or likely to fluctuate, the XR-5 is usually the best overall choice. It is capable of responding to a variety of threats comfortably, and is never completely ill-equipped for the task at hand.
- Speed: 50 kph
- Armor: Moderate
- Sensor Range: 180/90m
- Weapon Slots: 4
The massive XR-7 Heavy Suit is a juggernaut of a PBA built for the sole purpose of dominating the battlefield. It is more heavily plated and protected than any other SFC suit, and is able to regenerate its shields at an alarming rate. In addition, though it has the same number of slots as the Standard Suit, the bulk of its frame allows the XR-7 to carry heavier weapons that the XR-5 cannot. The Heavy Suit is not without its drawbacks, though, as it is fairly nearsighted when it comes to sensor strength, and the increased weight of its additional plating and components weighs it down considerably, resulting in slower speed and sluggish maneuverability.
- Speed: 40 kph
- Armor: Heavy
- Sensor Range: 140/80m
- Weapon Slots: 4
All of Terra Nova's non-ASF weapons are mounted on the arms of the PBA suit. Depending on the suit type, up to four can be carried simultaneously, and the player can cycle between them through either the MFD or the number keys '1' through '4' on their keyboard. Though most armaments only require a single slot, a few of the weightier ones require two open slots to equip, and in extreme cases a heavy weapon might only be viable to equip when piloting the Heavy Suit. In general, weapons can either be categorized as energy-based or projectile-based. The former type uses rechargeable energy stores, and provides essentially unlimited uses, while the latter can be fired a finite number of times, though typically with a greater damage potential per shot. Certain specialty weapons exist as well, such as an EM Emitter that helps locate enemies, and others reward players for using them situationally; heavy explosives, for example, can be far more effective when used on groups.
The Laser is one of the more basic energy weapons in Terra Nova, and it does fairly insignificant damage when compared to heavier arms that become available later on. In spite of this, it is a fairly common weapon, as its recharge time is nearly nonexistent, making it capable of very rapid fire. With a range of well under a hundred meters, though, one must stay very close to one's opponent when using it.
- Effective Range: 72m
- Damage: Low
The Multipulsar offers an alternative to the Laser, firing not one but five beams simultaneously. While more damaging, it is also possessed of a significantly longer recharge time, making the value of each shot much more significant. For PBA pilots with sure aim, it can provide an increase in damage with a moderate increase in range, though others might prefer the rapid rate of fire that the Laser provides.
- Effective Range: 126m
- Damage: Low
Offering a noticeable boost in damage and range over previously-available beam weapons, the Particle Beam is only slightly harmed by its reload speed, which is somewhat slower than the Multipulsar. Regardless, it is a strong enough armament that it more or less replaces earlier energy weapons once it is unlocked, and it also bears the distinction of having the longest range of any weapon in its category.
- Effective Range: 180m
- Damage: Moderate
Taking a different approach in disabling its target, the Thermal Disruptor focuses intense short-range microwaves at an enemy PBA, causing no damage to armor but severely injuring anyone inside. The trade-off is reduced range over more traditional weapons, and a loss of efficacy against targets that do not rely on organics. It can prove worthwhile against heavily armored PBAs, though it is something of a specialty weapon, to be sure.
- Effective Range: 102m
- Damage: Low
Ionic Fusion Rifle
For those comfortable with going toe-to-toe with their enemies, the Ionic Fusion Rifle is one of the most powerful weapons in the game. Offering the highest focused damage in the energy weapon category, it lacks only for range, being more limited in this respect than even the basic Laser. Considerable skill in avoiding incoming fire is required to get the most out of the Ionic Fusion Rifle, and those who can do so will be able to make short work of most enemies.
- Effective Range: 60m
- Damage: High
SIR Mark IV
The SIR Mark IV operates somewhat like a shotgun, discharging a conical spread of ionic particles directly in front of its user. Any conductive elements caught within this field suffer extreme damage, which is not limited to hostiles. Indeed, the risk of friendly fire is greater when using the SIR Mark IV than perhaps any other weapon in the game. Additionally, the SIR requires two weapon slots to be equipped, making it the only energy weapon that demands multiple slots.
- Effective Range: 30m
- Damage: High
Smoke Grenade Launcher
Unlike similar weapons in other games, the Smoke Grenade Launcher of Terra Nova is more than a simple means of obfuscation, since the smoke screen it creates can't be penetrated by beam weaponry. While this increases its utility somewhat, the firefights in Terra Nova can often be settled quite quickly, and in many cases it may be just as easy to kill an enemy as it is to confuse them.
- Effective Range: 96m
- Damage: None
- Rounds: 40
The EM Emitter is another specialty grenade launcher that is mainly used during covert operations. When fired, the energy signatures of all enemies within the affected area are revealed, which is accomplished by temporarily causing their energy signatures to spike. Especially within reconnaissance missions, it can be a useful tool in spotting targets, though it is not as imperative when stealth is not required.
- Effective Range: 180m
- Damage: None
- Rounds: 50
The Grenade Launcher fires cylindrical explosive devices, and is one of the game's first area of effect weapons. Like most later missile weapons, it is best fired after locking onto a target, as this provides a much more reliable means of targeting. Fired grenades will explode on impact, causing a significant splash radius. It is fairly slow to reload, so it's important when wielding one to make each shot count.
- Effective Range: 96m
- Damage: Moderate
- Rounds: 15
An interesting weapon designed to cripple a target rather than causing raw damage, the Railgun fires magnetic slugs at extremely high velocities. These projectiles cause slight damage in and of themselves, but any damage taken from a Railgun cannot be repaired, which permanently reduces maximum armor. Unfortunately, it can be somewhat hard in practice to take full advantage of the Railgun's unique properties, as battles in Terra Nova tend to be decided fairly quickly.
- Effective Range: 150m
- Damage: Low
- Rounds: 300
Though similar to the Grenade Launcher in function, the Missile Launcher is far and away the superior weapon. Its most immediately noticeable improvement is a dramatic increase in range, while its damage potential is also greater due to the high-density payload of its rockets. It requires two adjacent weapon slots to be equipped, which puts it out of reach for Scout Suits, though for all others the additional space is usually worth sacrificing in order to rain destruction upon foes from afar.
- Effective Range: 180m
- Damage: High
- Rounds: 15
The Magnetic-Ballistic (or M-B) Cannon is an advanced missile weapon fitted to fire extremely large shells over long distances. The end result is a fifty percent increase in range over the Missile Launcher, and an immense boost in damage due to the larger warhead. Unfortunately, the weapon can only be equipped with five rounds, is slow to rearm itself, and furthermore can only be outfitted on Heavy Suits due to stability concerns.
- Effective Range: 270m
- Damage: Very High
- Rounds: 5
The direct descendant of the M-B Cannon, the M-B Accelerator only becomes available during the campaign's final mission, and even then only as a result of an expedited development cycle. Due to improvements such as faster launch velocity and more compact ammunition, the M-B Accelerator is able to fire its rounds farther, load new rounds faster, and, most importantly, carry twice the number of shells.
- Effective Range: 360m
- Damage: Very High
- Rounds: 10
Auxiliary Suit Function (ASF)
Any customized equipment within a PBA that is not classified as a weapon is designated as an ASF, or Auxiliary Suit Function. Regardless of type, each suit can be fitted with exactly one ASF, with their main purpose being to provide additional tactical options while engaged in a mission. An ASF can be activated through the MFD or by pressing the '5' key, and most can be used a finite number of times. Squad mates who possess their own ASFs, such as Demolition or PBA Repair Packs, can usually be ordered to use them through the 'F5' menu after first selecting them. While players can assign ASFs themselves for the most part, certain mission objectives may dictate that at least one member of the squad carry a specified ASF. In addition to regular ASF's, the squad leader is also equipped with Drones, which are yet another auxiliary function that only the player can use. Drones act as aerial scouting tools that can provide advanced reconnaissance and target spotting, and the squad leader carries a limited supply of them at all times.
Demolition PackThe Demo Pack ASF contains within it everything needed to place explosive charges and detonate them remotely. All demolition experts within the SFC will carry a Demolition Pack innately when taken on a mission, which greatly reduces the need for the player to carry one. When placing a charge, the player is prompted to choose from one of three fuse colors, and up to three charges can be placed and detonated individually by a single PBA.
PBA Repair PackThe signature ASF of repair specialists, the PBA Repair Pack provides all the necessary components for repairing damaged PBAs in the field, which it accomplishes by forming replacement parts out of flexible epoxy-steel. Like the Demolition Pack, the existence of specialists within the squad heavily mitigates the need for the squad leader to carry one. As long as one person with in the squad is carrying a Repair Pack, they can be commanded to use it when the need arises.
DynamoThe Dynamo ASF adds an additional cold-fusion generator to the user's PBA suit that doubles energy recharge rates. This is most useful for individuals who rely heavily upon energy weapons in combat, as they will be able to fire more frequently with a Dynamo equipped. However, for those who either rely less on energy weapons or do not find the limits of their PBA's energy supply to be restrictive, there is no inherent benefit in its use.
Jump Jet BoosterThe Jump Jet Booster dramatically increases the efficiency of the selected PBA's jump jet system, allowing for longer jumps with less downtime between them. More so than many ASFs, the usefulness of the Jump Jet Booster is heavily dependent on play style. Those who use jump jets frequently in their missions may want to consider it, while those who don't will essentially be wasting their ASF slot by selecting it.
Universal BackupAn ASF that functions like a portable repair specialist, the Universal Backup restores up to five damaged subsystems within the users PBA. Like repair work, it takes some time to complete, so it shouldn't be used in combat situations. Furthermore, there are some limitations as to what the Universal Backup can fix: damaged armaments or a malfunctioning power system in particular are beyond its capability to repair.
EM DampenerEssentially a cloaking device for a PBA, the EM Dampener ASF works by softening the the electromagnetic (or EM) signature of its host suit. Since most sensor equipment relies heavily on detecting EM emissions when determining enemy location, this renders the user's PBA much more difficult to detect. Since there are only a handful of missions in the game that call for stealth, the EM Dampener has somewhat limited usefulness.
Auto-DocThe Auto-Doc ASF provides the player with a quick means to heal themselves during a mission. It should be noted that the Auto-Doc does not restore functionality to the PBA itself, but rather heals the person within it. This is primarily useful in dealing with damage taken from a Thermal Disruptor, as aside from this weapon most arms in Terra Nova are not designed to do damage to the PBA pilot directly.
Mine LayerThe offensive Mine Layer ASF provides the player with fifteen proximity mines which can be placed at their discretion. These explosives are designed to be able to discern friend from foe, so there is no possibility of accidental activation after they are placed. A mine will detonate once a hostile entity comes within twenty meters of it, and it this point anything nearby will be damaged by a large area of effect explosion.
Personal ShieldIn addition to regular PBA shielding, the Personal Shield ASF allows a suit pilot to supplement their defenses with a secondary shield complete with its own power supply. This can be quite useful if the player becomes mired in an unexpectedly intense firefight, and needs a quick boost to see their way through it. This shield's power supply is not unlimited, though, and will eventually give out with time.
AutoturretCarrying the Autoturret ASF supplies the player character with ten self-sufficient turrets which can be placed at any position the player deems prudent. These turrets activate automatically upon being placed, after which they will fire upon all hostiles until such time as they are destroyed. Like the Mine Layer ASF, the Autoturret package includes the capability to discriminate between friend and foe.
Explod-O-DroneThe Explod-O-Drone ASF is an augmentation to the PBA suit's normal Drone launching propensities. While piloted just like any other Drone, the Explod-O-Drone is packed with high explosives that deliver an unpleasant surprise upon impact with their target. The Explod-O-Drone package is unfortunately somewhat cumbersome to equip in a PBA, and for this reason it is only available to Heavy Suits.