The Toshiba Corporation wiki last edited by Jagged85 on 03/21/13 12:46PM View full history


Its products and services include information technology and communications equipment and systems, electronic components and materials, power systems, industrial and social infrastructure systems, household appliances, medical equipment, office equipment, lighting and logistics.

Personal computer revolution

Toshiba, including its subsidiary Sord (now Toshiba Personal Computer System Corporation), was one of the pioneers of the personal computer revolution during the 1970s to 1980s.

The first microprocessor-based personal computer, i.e. the first microcomputer, was the SMP80/X, released by Sord in 1974. It was originally developed in 1972, in tandem with the first general-purpose microprocessor, the 8-bit Intel 8008, as its CPU.

In September 1977, Sord released the Sord M200, one of the first desktop computers with a CRT display monitor (or the first in Japan), just several months after the Apple II was released. The Sord M200 was also the first personal computer featuring the Zilog Z80 as its CPU and also came equipped with a keyboard and 5" floppy disk drive.

The first mass-market laptop computer was the 16-bit Toshiba T-1100, released in 1985. It was soon followed by the Toshiba T-3100, the first laptop with a built-in hard drive, in 1986.

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