The original Virtua Tennis was developed and released in Japan in 1999 by Sega AM3 for the NAOMI arcade board. Virtua Tennis hit the Dreamcast in 2000, and was followed by a sequel entitled Tennis 2K2. As Sega both ceased creating hardware and sold Visual Concepts and the 2K sports line up, the third game in the series reverted to the Virtua Tennis name, and Sega have stuck with it since.
Virtua Tennis games have been developed by AM3, the short-lived AM3 offshoot Hitmaker, and Sumo Digital, with the latter assuming all of the development responsibilities for Virtua Tennis 2009. The follow up, Virtua Tennis 4, hands development back to AM3, and features motion controls for PS3, Xbox 360, and Wii.