The ancient Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs, meaning they worshipped many gods. Their gods often represented different forms of nature. Their religion had no formal structure with the exception of various festivals held in honor of the Gods; there were no books or code to live by. Many legends of Greek heroes and mortals were also based on mythology such as Achilles and Theseus.
The most powerful gods were known as the Olympians. The ancient Greek believed that the Olympian Gods lived on the highest mountain of Greece, Mount Olympus.
The oldest Greek literary sources are Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and the Histories of Herodotus. Greek mythology has exerted an extensive influence on the culture, the arts, and literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language.
Greek Gods & Goddesses
- Aphrodite - Goddess of love and beauty.
- Apollo - God of the sun , music and poetry, twin brother of Artemis.
- Ares - God of war.
- Artemis - Goddess of hunting and wilderness, twin sister of Apollo.
- Athena - Goddess of warfare and wisdom.
- Demeter - Goddess of fertility and harvest
- Dionysus - God of wine and pleasure .
- Hades - God of the Underworld
- Hestia - Goddess of the home and cooking
- Hera - Queen of the Gods, Goddess of the wives and marriage
- Hermes - Messenger of the gods and also the god of trade and undertaker .
- Hephaestus - God of fire and metalworking.
- Poseidon - God of the seas and earthquakes.
- Zeus - King of the gods
Heroes and Mortals