Neo-Tokyo is often associated with the cyberpunk genre of science fiction.
The Neo-Tokyo setting first appeared in the Akira series of manga, anime film, and games.
Neuromancer writer William Gibson described Tokyo as an inspiration behind his novel and the cyberpunk movement as a whole. He used the Chiba area of Tokyo as the novel's setting.
The Neo-Tokyo setting was later used again in the Neon Genesis Evangelion series of mecha anime, films, and games.