Darth Maul was an Iridonian (or Zabrak), born on Iridonia. At an early age he was trained as a Jedi
, but was kidnapped by Darth Sidious
, who conditioned him to forget everything he had learned from the Jedi. He then began to teach him the ways of the Dark Side. Maul had absolutely no memories of his homeworld of Iridonia and was incapable of feeling emotions outside of bloodlust and rage. Sidious turned him into a brutal killing machine and a weapon of pure hatred, severely punishing any show of fear or mercy. Maul is described as the ultimate tool of the dark side, with Sith tattoos
covering his entire body. The reason that Maul was Sidious' apprentice is because of the martial powers of the Zabraks and how they'd hire themselves to the Sith.
Maul was pitted against a Force Sensitive Drovian called Silus, and Sidious sent him to an unknown planet in the Outer Rim. Maul delivered Silus his Masters message which turned out to be Sidious offering Silus the chance to become his new apprentice if he could kill Darth Maul. An energy nullifier denied Maul the use of his Lightsaber
and the two fought with Force Powers and hand to hand combat, with Maul having self-doubts about himself after Sidious saying that he'd replace him, his focus lost. Eventually he called upon all of his rage and he used the Force to overload the field, and killed Silus with his Lightsaber.
Maul were abandoned by Sidious on a deserted Outer Rim world. There he was forced to survive
alone for a month with hordes of Assassin Droids hunting him. His master then returned and challenged him to a duel. In his weakened state, Maul quickly lost. Sidious told him that he had failed and would soon be replaced. Enraged, Maul attacked his master, nearly defeating him. When his energy finally runs out, he submitted and prepared himself to die. However, he were met with Sidious' approval. By actually wanting to kill his Master
, Maul had passed the final test. He was proclaimed Darth Maul, Dark Lord of the Sith, and taken to his new home on Coruscant
Darth Maul trained to be a master of lightsaber combat, as well as acrobatics and hand-to-hand
combat. Maul crafted a twin-bladed lightsaber, with ancient plans from a Sith holocron. Sidious gave Maul, funds, schematics, and a secret facility on Coruscant in which he could work. There he constructed his speeder bike, Bloodfin, and his Dark Eye probes. He were also given a powerful Sith Infiltrator named Scimitar, which has it's own cloaking field generator.
Before The Phantom Menace Maul was sent on many assassination missions of politicians, warlords, crime bosses and merchants.
Star Wars Episode 1: The Phantom Menace
Darth Maul is sent to Tatooine to capture Queen Padme Amidala
and kill Obi-Wan Kenobi
and Qui-Gon Jinn
, but failed. He later tracked them down to Naboo
where he ignored the queen and attacked the two Jedi. A climactic lightsaber battle ensued, with Maul holding the two Jedi at bay with his double-bladed lightsaber. When Obi-Wan is seperated from Qui-Gon and Maul by a laser wall. He temporally stuns Qui-Gon with a blow to the head, and stabs him, mortally wounding him. It could just have happened because Qui-Gon was tiring through his use of Ataru, and in the confined space Qui-Gon was also deprived of most of his defenses while Darth Maul had youth and strength on his side. The laser wall receded and Obi-Wan attacked Maul in an intense rage. He cuts Maul's lightsaber in half, but Maul Force-pushed him into a pit. Obi-Wan managed to hold onto a pipe, and Maul started to taunt him. Obi-Wan calmed himself and reaches out to the Force. He made a miraculous jump out of the pit, simultaneously pulling Qui-Gon's lightsaber into his hand. The stunned Maul barely had time to grunt as Obi-Wan's lightsaber cut Maul in half and he tumbled down the chute in two pieces.
After his death, a dark side splinter group, the Prophets of the Dark Side, resurrect Maul at about the same time as A New Hope.
His first target is Darth Vader. They believe he retains too much of his former self to effectively serve the Empire. Vader however, wins the duel by piercing himself with the lightsaber, killing Maul, who was right behind Vader in the process.
Three years after Revenge of the Sith
the Lars family is nurturing baby Luke when they see a form running through the desert toward them. It is Darth Maul. After Lars fires warning shots with his rifle, Maul disarms him with the Force and smashes the rifle over Lars' head. Standing on triple-jointed cyborg legs and wearing a hood, he calls out to an adversary, saying he had tracked him for years, missing him by only two days on Kamino, Geonosis, and Mustafar. After talking for a moment, Obi-Wan Kenobi leaps out from the sand. They engage in intense combat, with Maul losing an arm and four horns to Kenobi. With his lightsaber hilt to Maul's head, Kenobi hesitates to finish the job. Lars, however, takes the decision out of his hands by blasting Mauls' head apart with his damaged rifle. Note that this is not official as Lucas has not confirmed whether this has happened, and is thus not canon within the Star Wars universe, although it's implied that it is canon through The Story of General Grievous: Lord of War and Star Wars: Battlefront II where he appears on Mustafar and Polis Massa, planets he only goes to in Old Wounds.
Maul appears a a playable Sith "hero" character in Star Wars: Battlefront II. Maul also appears as a boss in The Force Unleashed, when PROXY
takes his form on Imperial Raxus Prime. This is not technically Maul, but for all gameplay intents and purposes he is.