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HistoryTexas is the 28th state to join the United States of America. Admitted to the Union in 1845, Texas was originally settled by aboriginal tribes thousands of years ago.
In the 18th century, parts of Texas were settled by Spanish missionaries, and Spain later assumed control of territory which now comprises the modern-day state. The territory later fell into Mexican hands after Mexico won its independence from Spain.
In the 19th century, American settlers began moving to Mexican Texas after hearing promises of free land and other incentives. Following several years of disagreements with the Mexican government, the "Texian" settlers rebelled against the government. General Sam Houston led the militia, eventually winning independence from Mexican dictator Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto in April 1836. Another noteworthy battle, the Siege of the Alamo, was fought over 13 days in March 1836, and resulted in the deaths of about 230 Texan defenders at the hands of a massive Mexican army.
After winning its independence, Texas formed a republican government, creating the Republic of Texas with Houston as its first (and later, third) president.
The republic existed for about 10 years, until its leaders' petition to join the United States (a perennial goal of Houstons') was accepted by the U.S. Congress on Dec. 29, 1845.
Following several years as a member of the Confederate States of America, Texas rejoined the Union in the 1860s, and has enjoyed unprecedented growth and success since.