Developed as variant of Socialist ideology by Karl Marx and Frederich Engels. The basic principles of communism state that the workers and oppressed of a nation will eventually form together to create a large union and over throw the rulers of the state and create a people's dictatorship. It states that this will be inevitable for every nation.
Communist theory generally states that the only way to solve the problems existing within capitalism is for the working class , referred to as the proletariat, who is the main producer of wealth in society and is exploited by the capitalist class, as explained in theories , to replace the bourgeoisie as the ruling class to establish a society without class divisions, called socialism, as a prelude to attempting to achieve the final stage of communism. Pure communism , or the stage in history after socialism, refers to a classless, stateless society, one where decisions on what to produce and what policies to pursue are made in the best interests of the collective society with the interests of every member of society given equal weight in the practical decision-making process in both the political and economic spheres of life.
In practice however, countries and societies that adopt or attempt to adopt, Communist governments, are usually dictatorial and oppressive, with most members of society having little to no political power or influence and being aggressively coerced into accepting the decisions made by the head of the state. Secret police, heavy censorship and restrictions on speech, and government propaganda are common.
Due in large part to the Cold War and its legacy, Communism remains a highly controversial topic, and as such is often portrayed negatively when appearing in fictional works.
Current communist states:
Formerly communist states: