A Combo is a gameplay mechanic used mainly in fighting games. It refers to a consecutive series of attacks delivered to your opponent in such a way that if the first attack connects, so will all the others in the sequence. Combos typically leave the opponent unable to stop their opponent or do anything at all; however, this rule is not universal among fighting games. Some fighting games have specific systems designed to end your opponent's combo, often at the cost of some super meter
. These moves are known generally as combo breakers
. Some combos can go on indefinitely, while others can end with a special finishing move. Shanghai Kid
was the first game to include combo attacks, but the concept of gained popularity with Street Fighter II
. Street Fighter II's combo attacks were created more or less accidentally. The lead producer, Noritaka Funamizu
, noticed that certain attacks could leave very little time for the AI players to recover. Funamizu believed that the timing was too difficult to be used successfully in the game, but he left it in anyway. As players got their hands on the game they discovered these Combos and since then, nearly every fighting game has included them. Super Street Fighter II was the first game to count the number of hits and reward the player for higher Combos.
An Air Combo differs from Juggling
in that the character jumps up to meet his enemy, instead of launching him, and then attacks him in the air.
Combos where constant inputs from the player aren't required. All that is required is that the first hit connects and then the Combo will play out until it is completed, or the player on the receiving end escapes.
These are performed using only normal attacks. These are more flexible than other Combos, but typically can't be performed by larger characters.
Similar to the Ultra Combo
concept, except that the ability to pull it off is linked to the amount of damage you've dealt.
Second only to the Basic Combo in terms of its appearance in games, Juggling was introduced in Mortal Kombat. The player must use a "launcher" to hit the enemy into the air and repeatedly attack them before they hit the ground, thus keeping them in the air. These are often the staple form of combos in 3D fighting games.
A more specific Combo, these are Super moves that revolve around several attacks to the opponent such as Ken's
These are Combos where a player cuts short the duration of one of their moves by initiating another. Primarily a function of 2D fighters like Street Fighter, with Normal Attacks having their animations cut short by the input of a special attack.
A devastating combo in Street Fighter IV
and Super Street Fighter IV
that can be pulled off after you've taken, and/or dealt, considerable damage.
A combo that can be performed indefinitely. Marvel vs. Capcom 2
is a prime example of a game with a multitude of infinite combos.
In rhythm action games, such as Guitar Hero
, Dance Dance Revolution
, a combo is where the player hits successive notes correctly and in time. The games typically give the player a numerical count of how many notes they have hit correctly without missing a note and 'breaking' their combo.