The Team Fortress 2 wiki last edited by ShadowKnight508 on 09/18/15 07:13PM View full history


Team Fortress 2 is a team-based first-person shooter developed and published by Valve for the PC (via Steam) on October 10, 2007. It was also released as part of The Orange Box (for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and PC), was later re-released as a standalone retail package for the PC (on April 8, 2008), and was later updated for compatibility with Mac (on June 10, 2010) and Linux (on November 6, 2012) on Steam. The Steam version of the game became free-to-play on June 10, 2010.

The long-awaited sequel to the original Team Fortress (and its update, Team Fortress Classic), players join one of two teams (RED and BLU) as one of nine playable classes (each with their own unique traits and assortment of gear) as they fight over a variety of objectives (from capturing briefcases, to holding onto "control points", to pushing a large warhead on a rail cart). Unlike the previous installment, Team Fortress 2 sports a cartoony CGI appearance parodying 60's spytech (after several lengthy development cycles involving realistic modern-military combat and futuristic alien invasions) and refined gameplay mechanics (simplifying all class loadouts while removing basic grenades and reliance on bunny hopping).

The Steam version of the game have been receiving numerous post-release updates for almost a decade, adding a large variety of new game modes, maps, weapons, cosmetic items, and gameplay mechanics. It is often used as a testbed for most of Steam's features (collectively Steamworks) since the game's release, including achievements, cloud saving, item trading, microtransactions, a community marketplace for items, Steam Workshop functionality, free-to-play support, Steam Trading Card support, Steam Play support, and VR headset support. It is also commonly used for cross-promotions and pre-ordering bonuses with other video games, both with special weapons and cosmetic items.



The "Team" in Team Fortress 2 is there for a very good reason. From the start, Valve's objective with TF2 was to create a multiplayer shooter where cooperation would always lead to a team that is better than the sum of its parts.

Objective-Based Conflict

A prize too great for one man alone.

When it first debuted with the Orange Box in 2007, no deathmatch mode existed in Team Fortress 2. Every map involved holding points, capturing briefcases or, (also new) pushing a Fat Man in a railroad cart into enemy territory. That is because these play styles lend themselves coordination and team progress rather than individual achievement. One man can certainly take all the points or steal the flag, but their job is made extremely difficult by the open layout of the maps and the variety of stalwart defense options the game has to offer against rushing. Instead, pushing the front line or forcing a major breach in the opposition's defenses are the much preferred ways to go about winning a match.

Even now that deathmatch has been incorporated (in the form of Arena mode) , most servers have kept their previous map rotations or only added one or two of the new deathmatch based maps and tournament play excludes Arena mode almost entirely.

The Class System

Class select screen.

There is no middle-ground in the roster of characters for TF2. The Soldier is usually considered the all-in-one trooper but he is slower than most other classes and is armed with a rocket launcher--a far cry from the universally effective assault rifles of most shooters. There are 9 classes available to both sides during play, and though their secondary weapons may coincide, no two classes have significantly overlapping niches. As a result (usually in combination with circumstance) each class has particular foes they prefer to fight against and particular friends they prefer to work with.

The exploitation of class synergy is more than half the battle in TF2; the Heavy may have a boat load of health and a gun to match, but one backstab from the Spy or one headshot from a Sniper will put him down. However, if the Heavy enlists the support of another class, such as a Pyro or Scout, to deal with such menaces the two allies together become far greater adversaries than they would be by their individual merits. Even classes like the Spy, who at first glance seems like a loner, can make an awesome teammate for sabotaging defenses on the way inside enemy territory. The Spy is the second least played class in TF2; the extra difficulty rookie Spies make for themselves by not working in tandem with their allies is at least partially responsible for that.

Wave Respawning

Another way TF2 encourages teamwork is in the respawn system. When players die, they are assigned to a respawn wave rather than simply waiting for an individual timer to hit zero. Aside from the multitude of exploitative tactics that this potentially fixes, the waves also make sure that players remain in contact with each other. This convenience of positioning and exposure increases the chance that players will try to work together when they get back in the field, concerning themselves with a more dedicated push than individual struggles for victory (once again, the class synergies make teamwork a better option nearly always). The effect is really more psychological than it is practical, but it is a conscious effort by the developers to get players to work together.

Minimally Explosive Atmosphere

Very few things in TF2 explode. The weapons in the game with splash damage are the Demoman's bombs, the Soldier's rockets, and the Pyro's flamethrower. Other than these, the only thing that blows up are characters that get hit for massive damage. Valve saw the common shooter grenade as a barrier to effective teamwork during the development of Team Fortress. A splash damaging bomb meant the potential for an everyman's weapon, useful against any opponent and effectively leveling the playing field between classes. A breakdown of the rigidly assigned capabilities of the classes would be detrimental to the teamwork aspect.

The other major issue Valve saw in using grenades was one that crops up in many shooters (CounterStrike being a home turf example for Valve) where grenades are spammed with reckless abandon during matches with the hope of landing a kill on that one unfortunate soul that doesn't know what is going on. Curbing exploitation of new, inexperienced players and enhancing team cohesion were both strikes against grenades, so Valve took them out. They have been criticized by the community ever since for doing so; some avid modders have even developed grenades for use in TF2, though these mods have caught only minimal popularity amongst players.



Considered the game's "twitch" class, the Scout is commonly used for quick hit-and-run tactics against vulnerable opponents due to his very fast movement, thin physique, ability to jump while in mid-air, and powerful close-ranged shotgun (known as the Scattergun). However, due to his low amount of health (tied for the lowest with the Engineer, Sniper, and Spy), he is weak against groups of enemies and general front-line combat.

His primary weapon, the Scattergun, is a short double-barreled shotgun identical in function to the standard Shotgun used by the Soldier, Pyro, Heavy, and Engineer. However, it is deadlier at close ranges. He can also use the standard Pistol as a backup weapon (preferably for longer ranges) and a metallic baseball bat for melee combat (which sacrifices damage dealt for faster swings).

While the Scout is generally used for combat, he also has a big supportive role in capturing objectives. His agility allows him to navigate the battlefield quickly and easily (especially when carrying an enemy briefcase or initiating an objective capture). He also counts as two players when capturing an objective, allowing for quicker captures if a low amount of teammates are around.


One of the easiest classes to start with, the Soldier focuses on general-purpose combat with his trusty rocket launcher (capable of taking down enemies quickly with powerful explosions, especially in tight groups). He can also catapult himself a great height (at the cost of a good chunk of his health) by performing a "rocket jump" (an advanced technique where the player aims at the ground beneath the Soldier and fires the Rocket Launcher while jumping). Although he is the second slowest mercenary in the game, he has the second highest vitality.

His primary weapon, the Rocket Launcher, fires powerful rockets in a straight line (unaffected by gravity, unlike the Demoman's Grenade Launcher) and has both a large knockback effect and decent splash damage (especially when aimed at the feet of enemies). Although rockets are less effective at longer ranges, it is one of the biggest beneficiaries of Critical Hits (as one critical rocket can take out most full-health classes in a single explosion, at any range). He also carries a backup Shotgun and trench shovel, both for use when he runs out of rockets (or is not in a position to reload the Rocket Launcher).

Some of the items added later in the Steam version replaces his backup Shotgun with a special backpack that gives the Soldier a more supportive role in the game. As he deals damage over time, his Rage meter fills. Once the meter fills up, he can activate the Banner on his backpack to give himself and nearby teammates a specific buff (either offensively or defensively).


The least comprehensible class (thanks to the gas mask), the Pyro excels in simple close-range ambushes thanks to the Pyro's homemade flamethrower (allowing them to deal continuous fire damage with ease). Due of the simplicity of the flamethrower and the Pyro's good vitality (tied for third-highest in the game with the Demoman), the Pyro can cause panic among tight-knit groups of enemies.

The Pyro's primary weapon, the Flame Thrower, fires a constant stream that ignites enemies at close ranges. Continuously firing on enemies, especially at very close range, can quickly finish them off. While ignited, enemy players slowly lose health for a short amount of time (or until they are either extinguished with water or healed through a medkit), known as "afterburn damage". Other Pyroes, wearing flame-retardant suits, are immune to afterburn damage. Because the Flame Thrower runs out of ammo quickly (and cannot ignite enemies underwater), the Pyro also carries a backup Shotgun (for longer ranges) and fire axe (for closer ranges).

Although generally an ambush character, the Pyro also serves as a utility class as the Flame Thrower can ignite both disguised and cloaked Spies (making them the perfect "Spy checking" class). A year later, the Steam version gave the Pyro the ability to perform a blast with the Flame Thrower's air tank (known as the "Compression Blast"). Although compression blasts (done with the Alternate Fire button) eat up a chunk of the Flame Thrower ammo, their deflective and extinguishing capabilities adds a variety of both offensive and defensive tactics. Enemy projectiles can be deflected back (making them harmless to teammates and harmful to enemies), enemies themselves (even disguised and cloak Spies) can be pushed/juggled, and ignited teammates can be extinguished. Some of the melee weapons added later in the Steam version allows the Pyro to remove enemy Sappers from friendly Engineer Buildings.


The master of explosives, the Demoman excels at indirect destruction with timed grenades from his standard grenade launcher and remotely-detonated "stickybombs" from his special Stickybomb Launcher. While he is tied for the third-highest vitality (with the Pyro), direct combat with his explosive weapons can be difficult for beginners (sometimes putting him in the position of relying on his whiskey bottle as a melee weapon).

His primary weapon, the Grenade Launcher, fires grenades that bounce off surfaces and detonate after a short amount of time. If the grenade hits an enemy player or enemy Engineer Building before hitting a surface, it detonates automatically (dealing more damage). It is the only weapon in the game that can be used efficiently from behind corners.

His secondary weapon, the Stickybomb Launcher, fires adhesive grenades that stick onto most surfaces (the main exceptions being doors, players, or Engineer Buildings). Primarily used in groups both for traps and for taking out nests of enemies (including Engineer Buildings), he can lay up to eight stickybombs out before detonating them all at once (from anywhere, wielding any weapon, with the Alternate Fire button). If he lays more than eight, the first one breaks apart harmlessly. Stickybombs can also break apart harmlessly if they are either fired upon by enemy bullets or if the Demoman dies. Like the Soldier, the Demoman can use stickybombs to reach great heights and distances through "sticky jumping" (an advanced technique where the player detonates 1-2 stickybombs underneath the Demoman while jumping).

Some of the items added later in the Steam version adds optional offensive melee-centric functionality for the Demoman (coined "Demoknight"). Instead of a Stickybomb Launcher, the Demoman can passively equip a shield that increases damage resistance. Pressing the Alternate Fire button while the Charge meter is full (which is filled up automatically over time) allows the Demoman to charge forward at high speed (adding a temporary crit buff at a certain point in the charge, perfect for melee swings). The Demoman can also trade his Grenade Launcher for special Boots that further increase his capability as a Demoknight.


The largest mercenary in the game, the Heavy sacrifices his movement speed for both very high vitality (with double the HP of half the roster) and the biggest (and arguably most powerful) weapon in the game: a large gatling gun. Like the Soldier, he is one of the easiest classes to start with.

His primary weapon, the Minigun, has a high rate of fire and is able to quickly rip through enemies at close range. However, he must spin up the gun before firing and spin down the gun after firing (both taking a few seconds to perform and giving an audio cue to nearby enemies). Holding down the Alternate Fire button spins up the gun without firing (allowing him to be prepared for the right time to fire). When the gun is spinning/firing, the Heavy cannot jump or switch weapons and his movement speed is reduced by nearly half. Crouched Heavies cannot move their position at all while spinning/firing. The Minigun deals less damage against upgraded enemy Sentry Guns. If the Heavy runs out of ammo (or is in a position where spinning up the Minigun is not a good idea), he has a backup Shotgun (for longer ranges) and his fists (for closer ranges).

Some of the items added later in the Steam version replaces his backup Shotgun with food that can increase his survivability outside of fights. Pressing either the Fire button or performing a basic taunt eats the food (either restoring his health or giving him a special buff) while pressing the Alternate Fire button allows him to drop the food as a medkit for a nearby teammate.


While not much of a direct combatant (carrying only the standard shotgun and pistol, as well as a wrench for melee combat), the Engineer is responsible for constructing and maintaining a group of special gadgets (known as Buildings):

  • A stationary automated turret (known as the Sentry Gun) that turns and fires at all enemies in range (with the exception of cloaked and disguised Spies) with its single-barrel machine gun. It can be upgraded twice, once replacing the machine gun with dual gatling guns and once adding a quad-barreled missile launcher on top. Upgraded Sentry Guns also have more "health" and more resistance to the Heavy's Minigun. Despite having great knockback power, Sentry Guns can not perform Critical Hits.
  • A portable resupply locker (known as the Dispenser) that slowly provides an endless source of health and ammo to nearby teammates. A later update for the Steam version allows the Engineer to upgrade the Dispenser twice, increasing both "health" and dispensing efficiency.
  • Two Teleporter nodes (a Teleporter Entrance and a Teleporter Exit) that quickly bring a teammate from one area to the other (before recharging). Players can get "telefragged" by enemies by standing on the Exit node as they teleport. Teammates cannot teleport while holding the Intelligence. A later update for the Steam version allows the Engineer to upgrade both nodes simultaneously twice, increasing both "health" and recharge time.

He can construct each building using a special PDA device, which allows him to place the device in any position and direction for automated construction. He can speed up construction by hitting it with his melee weapon (the Wrench). He cannot build more than one Sentry Gun, Dispenser, and set of Teleporters at a time. He can, though, automatically self-destruct each device (unless it is sapped by an enemy Sapper) using another special PDA device, giving ammo to players that run over its pieces.

Repairing, restocking ammo (for the Sentry Gun) and upgrading his gadgets is done by constantly hitting them with his Wrench, applying a special type of ammo (Metal) to it. Metal is collected in the same fashion as normal ammo. Both Teleporter nodes are repaired and upgraded simultaneously when the Engineer hits either one with his Wrench.

Along with a variety of gunfire, enemy Spies can disable Engineer buildings by placing Sappers directly onto it. After the "health" of the building is slowly sapped away, the building self-destructs. The Engineer's wrench can be used to remove Sappers. Sappers placed/removed on one Teleporter node will automatically place/remove them on the other.

The Steam version, after a few years, added the ability for the Engineer to "pack up" his buildings (using the Alternate Fire button) and move around with them (before placing them in a new location). He can only haul one building at a time, at which he cannot switch to a weapon and has a slower movement speed. Two of the major gameplay-changing items added later in the Steam version include the Wrangler (a Pistol replacement enabling the Engineer to have manual control over the Sentry Gun) and the Gunslinger (a special melee weapon allowing the Engineer to quickly build a small Mini-Sentry Gun instead of a regular one that cannot be upgraded).


One of the weakest offensive combatants in the game (carrying both a bonesaw and a fully-automatic air-powered gun that fires syringes), the Medic instead specializes in directly healing his teammates in the front-lines with his special medical gadget: the Medi Gun.

The Medi Gun emits a beam that automatically attaches to the player's chosen teammate (including enemy spies that are disguised), allowing him to move around and observe the battlefield. The beam heals the teammate it is attached to and buffs their health beyond their maximum capacity (150% of its normal value, known as "overhealing"). Players who request help from a Medic have an indicator on top of them, which only the Medic can see. While the Medic cannot use the Medi Gun on himself, he automatically regenerates a small portion of health every second.

As his Medi Gun heals teammates, the Medic's "Übercharge" gauge slowly charges. Once it is fully charged, the Medic can choose to activate an Übercharge, granting himself and his teammate 8 seconds of full invulnearability. Later updates in the Steam version added new types of Medi Guns that adds new Über effects (replacing the invulnerability with either guaranteed Critical Hits, more optimal healing, or resistance to both Critical Hits and certain damage types).


The only class to focus on long-ranged marksmanship, the Sniper is used behind the front-lines to snipe at individual enemy targets using his bolt-action sniper rifle. Because of his fragility, the Sniper usually does not fare well in direct combat (despite carrying both a fully-automatic backup submachine gun and a Kukri machete).

His primary weapon, the Sniper Rifle, is most effective when zoomed in (using the Alternate Fire button). The longer the scope is zoomed in, the more powerful the next shot becomes (as long as he does not zoom out). While zoomed in, he has limited manueverability and a limited field of view. While there are no random critical hits for shots below the head, headshots have a special Critical Hit buff that can automatically kill most enemies in a single shot (especially with a high zoom charge).

Two of the major gameplay-changing items added later in the Steam version include the Huntsman (a bow-and-arrow replacement for the Sniper Rifle allowing more medium-ranged combat) and the Jarate (replacing his backup submachine gun with a regenerating jar of urine, allowing him to extinguish teammates, debuff enemies, and nullify Spy cloaks).


  • Role: Support
  • Base Health: 125 HP
  • Base Run Speed: 100%
  • Stock Primary Weapon: n/a
  • Stock Secondary Weapon: Revolver
  • Stock Melee Weapon: Knife
  • Meet the Spy

As the game's sole stealth class, the Spy focuses on infiltrating enemy lines with a unique assortment of spytech gadgets (allowing him to render himself invisible and disguise as an enemy player) in order to assassinate enemy targets and disable enemy Engineer gadgets. Because of his fragility, he is considered difficult to learn (especially against a coordinated team).

He is the only class to not have a primary weapon, as his only handgun (the Revolver) is considered only for use as a backup and for special situations. Instead, his main weapon of choice is his melee weapon, a butterfly knife that deals weak damage from the front and sides but instantly kills enemies from the back (known as a "backstab"). His other weapons of choice are his Sappers, used to sabotage enemy Engineer buildings and drain the building "health" before it self-destructs. Sappers can be removed by Engineer wrenches (requiring a combination of backstabbing and sapping to efficiently take out Engineer nests). To help position himself behind the enemy, he uses two special devices:

  • A Disguise Kit, which allows him to disguise himself as a player on the enemy team in a chosen class. This prevents enemy players from drawing their attention towards him (as long as he doen't act in a suspicious manner). Firing his Revolver or using his Knife removes the disguise automatically. Enemies can identify a disguised Spy by his lack of weapon firing, collision with his "allies", taking damage from his "teammates", and being marked/ignited by a "friendly". He can also disguise himself as a player on his own team, confusing his enemies for a short time.
  • An Invisibility Watch, which allows him to cloak himself for nine seconds (or until he manually decloaks). His cloak meter, which tracks how much cloak he has remaining, is either refilled from ammo sources or slowly over time (while not cloaked). If a cloaked Spy takes any damage, or bumps into an enemy player, the cloaked Spy becomes slightly noticable to any players that see him. Cloaked Spies who are marked/ignited are more noticable to enemy players.

A later update in the Steam version added two new types of Invisibility Watches: "Cloak and Dagger" (a motion-sensitive cloaking device in which the Spy can cloak himself indefinitely, provided he doesn't move constantly) and "Dead Ringer" (a unique cloaking device where the Spy can feign death, dropping a fake corpse and immediately becoming completely cloaked for a short time). The Spy has also received numerous Knife types, the most prominent of which replaces use of the Disguise Kit with silent kills (allowing him to instantly disguise as his victim while making it appear as if the victim didn't really get backstabbed).

Game Modes

Control Point

All Control Point modes involve the objective of controlling designated "control points" scattered throughout the level. Unlocked control points are captured by standing right on top of them (unless the player is disguised, cloaked, or invulnerable) uncontested (in which no enemy players are next to it, unless they are disguised, cloaked, or under the effects of Bonk! Atomic Punch) after a certain period of time. Multiple teammates, Scouts, and players with certain items capture points faster (up to a limit). Locked control points can not be captured.

The standard, and most common, type of Control Point has a symmetrical five-point layout, where both teams start with two points captured (and locked) and one neutral unlocked point to fight over. Players win the round once their team captures all control points in a set order. Spawn areas can change depending on the current unlocked control points.

  • Attack/Defend - An asymmetric variation of Control Point where the RED team initially controls all three control points and must defend them, in set order, against the BLU team. RED wins if at least one of their points are uncontested at when the timer reaches zero, while BLU wins if they take control of all points. RED cannot recapture points at any time. The most common variations of Attack/Defend adds multiple stages (separating groups of control points by rounds) and a "pyramid"-style control point layout (allowing BLU to attempt to capture the first two points simultaneously before the final point is unlocked).
  • Arena - Added in the August 19, 2008 update. Players fight each other in full-out team deathmatch with no respawning and a disabled neutral control point in the center of the level. If members of both teams are alive after a minute, the point becomes available for capture. Rounds end once either the point is captured or a team is fully eliminated. Health kits are rare (forcing players to rely on Medics and Dispensers). The first player to earn a kill gets a five-second crit boost (known as "First Blood"). Some players are forced to sit a round out if the teams are unbalanced.
  • King of the Hill - Added in the August 13, 2009 update. Players fight each other over a single neutral control point in the center of the level. The control point is locked for a short amount of time at the beginning of the round. Teams have a three-minute countdown clock (seven for Ghost Fort), which can only count down if they control the point. If the team's countdown clock reaches zero and the other team is capturing the point, their clock is put into "Overtime" (which they can only win by fully reversing the capture or recapturing it). Rounds end once a team's countdown clock reaches zero with no "Overtime".
  • Territorial Control - Players attempt to control every territory on a very large map through multiple Capture Point skirmishes (set on small sectioned-off areas of the map). Teams start with three territories each (two "main" territories and one "base" territory), and the "main" rounds consist of one team's control point (in their "main" territory) versus the other. Rounds end once a team either captures the other control point or eliminates the other team in Sudden Death (both giving them the territory). Once a team captures all four main territories, they must attempt to capture the other team's base territory in an Attack/Defend scenario to win the game. If the defending team maintains the point when the game's timer reaches zero, they are given one of their territories back. There is only one official TC map since release: Hydro.
  • Medieval Mode - Added in the December 17, 2010 update. A special version of Attack/Defend where players have a restricted loadout (allowing only melee weapons, bow-based weaponry, and most secondary gear), drop small health kits on death, can enable third-person perspective without cheats, and have special text chat rules (making it resemble "Ye Olde" English). BLU must capture two control points outside of the keep before the gate opens and the final point is made accessible. If the final point is uncontested after 60 seconds, the gate closes and the first two points must be captured again. There is only one official Medieval map since release: DeGroot Keep.

Capture the Flag

In the traditional symmetrical Capture the Flag mode, players must attempt to steal the enemy's intelligence briefcase in the enemy base (while preventing the other team from doing the same in their base) and bring it back to their "Intelligence Room". The first team to reach the capture limit (or the team with the most captures when the timer reaches zero) wins the round.

Players carrying Intelligence cannot use Teleporters, cannot be invulnerable, cannot be cloaked or disguised, cannot enter a resupply area with it, and cannot use the Rocket Jumper or Sticky Jumper weapons. They can, however, drop the Intelligence manually. Dropped Intelligence (either manually or through death) are automatically returned after one minute (or, if in a deadly hazard, returned automatically).

  • Special Delivery - Added in the June 27, 2012 update. Players must pick up a neutral flag (an "Australium" briefcase spawned on one side of the map's center) for their team and bring it to the launch pad of a large space rocket (located on the other side of the map's center). As long as the player with the Australium stays on the launch pad, the pad slowly rises to the top of the rocket. The team wins once the launch pad is fully risen and the player puts the Australium case in the top of the rocket (launching it up into space, maybe). Players on the opposing team must kill the Australium carrier and let the Australium return back to its initial point (so they can have a chance at grabbing it). There are only two official SD maps since release: Doomsday and its Halloween event (Carnival of Carnage).
  • Robot Destruction - Added for early beta access in the July 8, 2014 update. Players collect Power Cores by destroying defenseless enemy robots located throughout the enemy base to power their team's Reactor. Players can only damage enemy robots in Area B if all enemy robts in Area A are destroyed (and likewise for Area C with Area B robots). Players can also sneak back to the far side of the enemy base and steal the enemy Reactor Core (waiting as enemy points are deposited to the Core, leaving them open for enemy defenses) and attempt to capture it. The team that reaches a certain amount of points first (although a ten second countdown allows enemy players to steal a Core) wins the round. There is only one official RD map since release: Asteroid.
  • Mannpower - Added for early beta access in the December 22, 2014 update. Same as normal Capture the Flag, only with the addition of a Grappling Hook action item, multiple powerups scattered throughout the map, and traditional CTF flag scoring (in which the Intelligence must be returned prior to capturing and Intelligence can be returned immediately by running over it). Other than Uber (which provides an ÜberCharge for 35 seconds) and Critical Hit (which provides crits for 30 seconds), players can only pick up and store one powerup at a time (which is dropped on death). These powerups are:
    • Agility - +70% jump height. +50% movement speed. Increased grapple speed and weapon switch speed.
    • Haste - Double firing speed, reload rate, clip size, and max ammo count. +30% movement speed.
    • Knockout - Restricts to melee and grappling hook. Increased max health and damage (+300% damage to buildings). Melee hits knock victims away and drops their carried flags.
    • Precision - Reduced bullet spread. Immune to distance damage falloff. Sniper rifles have quicker re-zoom and deal double damage. Blast weapons have a higher clip size and faster projectile speed.
    • Regeneration - Regenerates ammo, health, and metal.
    • Resistance - Halves incoming damage.
    • Strength - Double damage. Immune to distance damage falloff.
    • Vampire - All damage dealt is returned as health. Increased damage resistance. +80 max HP.
    • Warlock - Half of incoming damage is reflected back to the attacker (all damage if the attacker is a Sentry Gun). Increased damage resistance. +100 max HP.


Added in the April 29, 2008 update. Payload is an asymmetrical game mode (similar to Attack/Defend) in which the BLU team must "push" a warhead on a rail cart on a set path towards RED team's base. Carts are pushed by standing next to it (unless the BLU player is disguised, cloaked, or invulnerable) uncontested (in which no RED players are next to it, unless they are disguised, cloaked, or under the effects of Bonk! Atomic Punch). Multiple teammates, Scouts, and players with certain items capture points faster (up to a limit).

Carts also act like a Dispenser, giving health, ammo, and metal to those who are pushing it. On specially marked slopes in the HUD, carts that are contested or unattended quickly roll down backwards. Carts left unattended after a certain amount of time begin to roll backwards slowly towards the last checkpoint.

As the BLU team pushes a cart towards a checkpoint, the spawn areas for both teams can change. The BLU team wins the round if they reach the final "terminus" (causing a giant explosion if it's a single-stage level or the final stage of a multi-stage level), while the RED team wins the round if the timer reaches zero and the cart is unattended. Like Attack/Defend, a common variation splits the level into multiple "stages" (separating groups of checkpoints by rounds).

  • Payload Race - Added in the May 21, 2009 update. A symmetrical version of Payload, each team has their own dedicated cart and must push theirs while preventing the other team from doing the same. The first team to reach the final "terminus" first wins. Carts can not slowly roll backwards. Levels may be split into multiple "stages" (with wins in the early stages giving a slight advantage to the final stage).

Mann vs. Machine

A cooperative horde mode where the Red and Blu teams unite to fight off waves of robots produced by Gray Gravel Co. Hundreds of robots resembling the 9 classes carry a bomb towards a point at one end of the map. If the bomb reaches the point it explodes and players must restart the wave. Robots drop cash when killed that players use to upgrade their equipment.


Added on June 10, 2010, Training is a special single-player game mode designed to teach new players the basics of Team Fortress 2. This mode is split into four parts, each done consecutively (in a special map):

  • Soldier Training - Players are instructed basic movement and then the Soldier's basic weapons against both wooden targets and live targets. Afterwards, players are transported to a special version of Dustbowl, where they are instructed on both the rules of the Capture Point game mode and the functionality of some of the special classes.
  • Demoman Training - Players are instructed about special situations with the Demoman's basic weapons (including stickybomb detonation ranges).
  • Spy Training - Players are instructed on the Spy's special functions (cloaking, disguises, sapping, and backstabbing).
  • Engineer Training - Players are instructed on each of the Engineer's buildings and special functions (building, upgrading, hauling, destroying).

Afterwards, players can play Offline Practice against a variety of A.I. opponents in certain maps and game modes. Stats and achievements are disabled.

Official Maps

Team Fortress 2 currently features over 30 official maps, many of which can be played in more then one game mode. The first six maps listed are the ones the game initially shipped with and all maps after those are in the order in which they were introduced to the game. Some maps were originally just community maps (those made by modders and not by Valve themselves) but were promoted to official status by Valve because of their quality and reputation. So far twelve community maps have received this distinction.

  • 2 Fort (CTF) - 2Fort is the oldest and most iconic map in the Team Fortress franchise. It consists of 2 almost identical Forts in which each team attempts to capture their enemies Intel. Generally the team has to capture their Enemy's Intel 3 times to win the round.
  • Well (CTF/CP/Arena) - Well is a Control Point map and a Capture the Flag map. The center point is probably the most recognizable part of the map: A station like building where occasionally a trains passes through killing anyone or anything in its way. A new Arena version of this map was released in the Heavy update.
  • Hydro (TC) - Even though Hydro is basically another Control Point Map, it is unique as it is split into separate territories, hence the Territorial Control mode name. The Control Points consist of rounds where each team has to defend their point, as well as capture their enemy's. 2 points are only ever active in a single round. The Teams must capture an area to take control of it, winning the round, where upon the beginning of the next round, they must defend it. Moving around the Map like the board-game "Risk", eventually a team will have only a single area left. The winning team must take this Control Point to win the match. Whereas the losing team can only Defend until the time limit runs out, to take back an additional area. However the losing team's last Control Point is very easy to capture, making it unlikely that winning team will fail to.
  • Granary (CP/Arena) - A team must capture all 5 control points to win. Each team begins with 2 points under their control. Similar to Well. A new Arena version of this map was released in the Heavy Update.
  • Gravel Pit (CP) - The blue team must capture all 3 points in the allotted time while the red team tries to defend them.
  • Dustbowl (CP) - Dustbowl has a wild-west theme and is a larger map that typically involves checkpoint control in 3 areas. The attacking team (Blu) must take all 3 areas to win. However if they fail to capture an area before the time runs out, the defending team (Red) wins and swaps to become the attacking team.
  • Badlands (CP/Arena) - Both teams rush to capture all of the points on the map. A new Arena version of this map was released in the Heavy update.
  • Gold Rush (PL) - Introduced in the medic update, it was the first map to introduce the game mode, Payload. One team must push a cart with a bomb into the opposing teams base before the time runs out.
  • Turbine (CTF) - A community created map selected by the TF2 Developers to become an official map. Turbine is an indoor, symmetrical capture the flag map, Where control of the middle is absolutely crucial to your teams success.
  • Fastlane (CP) - A community created map selected by the TF2 Devs to become an official map. Fastlane is a symmetrical control point map with five points.
  • Badwater Basin (PL) - Introduced in the Heavy Update, the map will be set up very similar to Gold Rush but will be much larger and more open.
  • Lumberyard (Arena) - The first map of the new Arena gametype. It is also the first to feature the new alpine environment. It was released in the Heavy Update.
  • Ravine (Arena) - Ravine is the second map of the new Arena game type. It was released in the Heavy update.
  • Steel (CP) - Steel requires the attacking team to take capture point E. It is in play the entire match and can be captured at any time, however there are 4 other capture points, A-D. Capturing these aids the main objective of taking E and adds more time. It is a community map added with the Heavy update.
  • Junction (CP) - A community map added with the Scout update, Junction is a map full of tight corridors and short sight-lines creating frantic battles.
  • Watchtower (Arena) - Watchtower is a community map which emphasizes on open spaces and large sight-lines with both teams vying for the central building. It's the only other map to use the alpine art style introduced in Lumberyard.
  • Egypt (CP) - A large community map; Egypt is a a very open map with lots of verticality. It has a unique desert art style and was introduced in the Scout update.
  • Sawmill (Arena/KotH/CTF) - An arena map which goes back to the alpine art style previously seen in Lumberyard. The capture point is situated on the top of a hill in a large building which is surrounded by two deadly saw blades. The map features rain and is the first map to include a weather effect in TF2.
  • Nucleus (Arena/KotH) - A circular map with a giant doomsday device in the centre. The map includes long sightlines and has a bottomless pit under most of it. The capture point is only accessible through catwalks which are suspended over a deep chasm.
  • Pipeline (PLR) - The first Payload Race map for Team Fortress 2. The map has three rounds all in which both teams are trying to get their cart to the end of the track first. It was included in the Sniper vs. Spy Update.
  • Hoodoo (PL) - The most popular community payload map prior to the Sniper vs. Spy update, in which it was made an official map. It is a fast paced payload map that, like Gold Rush, is split into 3 sections.
  • Offblast (Arena) - A community map which was added with the Classless Update. Offblast is a high-altitude map and most fights will take place over a perilous mountain top, with no protection on the sides.
  • Viaduct (KotH) - Viaduct is an all-new map especially built for KotH, set outside of the entrance to a secret underground base. Viaduct is also the first Valve-made Team Fortress map to take place during a snowfall. Both teams start at the base of a low hill, and will have to climb to get to the capture point at the hill's peak. The various elevations of the map and multiple routes to the central point guarantee some frenzied battles as the point changes hands during gameplay.
  • Yukon (CP) - A community map based in mountaintop coal mine. There are 5 control points in total and there are several alternate routes to reach them.
  • Harvest (KotH) - A community map originally set in the day time and made for the arena mode but was modified for the Haunted Halowe'en Special. The map became KOTH and was set in the night time. It also featured exploding pumpkins and had the ghost of Zepheniah Mann, who would scare any player who crossed his path.
  • Gorge (CP) - An attack/defend map with only to control points, Gorge is an alpine themed map with quick rounds and a short turnaround.
  • Doublecross (CTF) - The second official map to be set in the night time, Doublecross is a CTF map with a quick turnaround. Action takes place across the map's two bridges which span over a bottomless chasm.
  • Freight (CP) - A community map based in a train yard. There are 5 control points in total, with trains constantly moving between points.
  • Upward (PL) - Payload map set atop a mountain in an abandoned warehouse.
  • Thunder Mountain (PL) - A large payload map with a long track and many buildings full of several rooms. It contains three stages.
  • Hightower (PLR) - A Payload Race map. The two teams' bases are faced across from one another over a small map. The two teams must race their cart around into the enemy teams base.
  • ColdFront (CP) - A 5 control point community made map with an Arctic theme. It has two bases facing each other and an abandoned shack in the middle of the map.
  • Degroot Keep (CP) - Three point control point map in and around a castle. Teams have to capture points A and B on either side of the castle before capturing point C, which is blocked by the castle gate. If point C isn't taken within a certain time, the gate will close and the teams will have to retake A and B before continuing.
  • Gullywash (CP) - A 5 point control point community made map set in the desert.
  • Foundry (CP) - A 5-point control point map featuring a foundry and cauldron fire hazard.
  • Doomsday (Special Delivery CTF) - A single neutral objective (Briefcase of Australium) must be captured and delivered by either RED or BLU to the rocket. The team that successfully delivers the briefcase to the rocket and launches it wins the round outright.
  • Mannworks (Co-op) - A Mann Co. factory that is now under siege by the Gray Horde. The objective is to defend the area from the robotic assault and prevent the delivery of the explosive bomb payload that will destroy the site.
  • Coal Town (Co-op) - A historical coal mine map set in the desert that is now under siege by the Gray Horde. The objective is to defend the area from the robotic assault and prevent the delivery of the explosive bomb payload that will destroy the site.
  • Decoy (Co-op) - The "official, totally not a trap for robots..." headquarters of Mann Co. that is now under siege by the Gray Horde. The objective is to defend the area from the robotic assault and prevent the delivery of the explosive bomb payload that will destroy the site.
  • Coal Town Event (Co-op) - A special nighttime version of Coal Town that was introduced for the 4th Annu-hell Scream Fortress update, this map features the new zombie enemies who have replaced the standard-issue robots that Gray Mann typically sends into battle. Only available during the annual Halloween updates each year and is also known as "Wave 666".
  • Ghost Fort (KoTH): A haunted, twisted version of the standard Lakeside KoTH map, Ghost Fort is the latest Scream Fortress map to be introduced in the yearly Halloween updates. Not only are players tasked with capturing and controlling the Control Point, but they must face the wrath of the mighty wizard Merasmus, who is the newest TF2 mini-boss addition to the game.
  • Big Rock (Co-op) - The largest MvM map ever created, Big Rock introduces the threat of the teleporting Mecha-Engineer in Gray Mann's quest to destroy Mann Co. forever. The objective is to defend the area from the robotic assualt and prevent the delivery of the explosive bomb payload that will destroy the site. Introduced in the Mecha Update.
  • Process (CP) - Set in the mountains at a symmetrical industrial facility, Process is a traditional community made map with 5 control points
  • Standin (CP) - A community made map with 3 central control points that can be captured at any time by either team. Standin is set in rocky, mountainous terrain.
  • Helltower (PLR) - A haunted, twisted version of the current Hightower map that was released in the 2013 Scream Fortress Update. Players race to push their special carts containing the bodies of Redmond or Blutarch Mann in order to send the other brother to hell first.
  • Snakewater (CP) - A community-made map created by Tovio Sawen.
  • Mannhattan (Co-op) - A new MvM map based in the urban sprawl of the East Coast, players are tasked with defending the manufacturing division of Saxton Hale's own Mhanko boutique line of products. In a unique twist, the robots of the Gray Horde can not only move their own spawn point forwards, but they can also introduce new bombs into the map at certain times, forcing the player to dynamically adapt to the changing battlefield.
  • Rottenburg (Co-op) - A new MvM map set in the quaint European town that the Medic calls home, Rottenburg falls under the siege of the Gray Horde and the wrath of Grey Mann's power-hungry ways. To face the new onslaught, the Medic has come up with new devices that can turn the tide of battle when the going gets tough. The Reanimator brings back slain teammates from the dead, the Projectile Shield repels all incoming enemy attacks, and the Medic can now shoot Mad Milk-spiked syringes that saturates the robots and allows for some health to be regained upon inflicting damage upon those under the influence of the syringes.
  • Carnival of Carnage (Special Delivery CTF) - A new, haunted version of the standard Doomsday map, Carnival of Carnage is the latest Scream Fortress map to be introduced as part of the yearly Halloween updates. It features a twisted carnival/circus that the wizard Merasmus has invited the mercenaries to in order to appease the evil circus god Bonzo by having both teams kill each other in great numbers. Players are tasked with delivering a suitcase filled with tickets to the World's Largest Strongman Machine and placing it on the machine. Doing so successfully takes both teams into one of three special bumper car competitions (Falling Platforms, Duck Collecting, and Bumper Car Soccer) that pits both teams against each other. As seen in the Ghost Fort map (Wheel of Fate), Merasmus will summon every player to the location of the strongman machine and cast several different curses on everyone in the match from time to time.


Throughout the years, Valve has added over one thousand items to the Steam version of Team Fortress 2, including additional weapons (both cosmetic re-skins and gameplay-changing alternatives), cosmetic items, "Action" items (special effects that are manually activated in-game), and special Tools (for use in the Backpack interface).

Most of these items can be acquired in numerous ways (from random "drops" to community market purchases) and are kept as separate entries in the player's "Backpack" (a personal inventory system unique to each player). Some items are rare and unobtainable, given only to certain players (during a special event or tournament). An index of all items can be found in the in-game "Mann Co. Catalog" section.

After the introduction of the "free-to-play" system, player accounts are now separated into Free and Premium accounts. Players who purchased the game prior to the update immediately receive Premium accounts, and Free accounts can be made into Premium accounts through either a purchase from the in-game store or the activation of a special Tool (Upgrade to Premium Gift) given by another player. Free accounts have less starting Backpack storage, no way to randomly obtain (or craft) cosmetic items, and restrictions on both trading (cannot send items that they find, with the exception of Tools) and gifting (cannot send gift-wrapped items).


The Backpack screen, showing the Stock wepaons.

Each player has their own unique "Backpack", which stores all the items in possession of the player, with each item in their own unique slot. Items can be viewed, moved around, customized, activated (tools only), equipped, and deleted from within the Backpack screen.

Each "page" in the Backpack screen holds 50 items (in a 10x5 grid). Players start with six pages worth (for a total of 300 item slots) and can use the one-use "Backpack Expander" Tool to gain two additional pages. Multiple Backpack Expander Tools can be used to give the player up to 40 pages total (2000 item slots). Players with Free accounts only start with one page worth (for a total of 50 item slots) and are given five more pages once they are made Premium.

In addition, the Backpack screen can show a separate "page" listing all Stock weapons (default weapons provided to all players). Using certain tools (including the Name Tag, Description Tag, Strangifier, and Killstreak Kit) on Stock weapons gives the player an additional weapon of that type (with the changes applied and item quality changed).


The default Loadout screen for a Soldier. Does not show Taunts.

Each player has four separate loadouts for each of the nine playable classes (for a total of 36 loadouts), allowing them to equip different weapons and cosmetic items and change them quickly before leaving the spawn area.

Each loadout has up to eight loadout slots:

  • One Primary Weapon slot. (Changed to the Secondary Weapon slot for the Spy).
  • One Secondary Weapon slot. (Changed to the Melee Weapon slot for the Spy).
  • One Melee Weapon slot. (Changed to the Invisibility Watch slot for the Spy).
  • One PDA slot. (Shown only for the Engineer's Construction PDA and Spy's Sapper).
  • Three Cosmetic Item slots. (Allowing players to assemble their cosmetic items, provided they do not overlap with each other)
  • One Action Item slot.

In addition, players with additional Taunt Items can equip them for each loadout. Up to eight additional Taunts can be equipped at a time, each numbered slot corresponding to the key used in the Taunt menu.

Item Quality

An item of Genuine quality, earned by pre-ordering Don't Starve.

Items in the Backpack are assigned a quality, designating their rarity and appeal. Quality is conveyed in game by the color of an item's name and have no added gameplay advantages. Items also have a level assigned to them (which affects nothing), an item type describing the item (sometimes prefixed with either Limited or Strange, depending on quality), and a special name prefix (with the exception of Normal and Unique items), Most of the items found in-game are in the Unique (yellow) quality.

  • Normal (gray) items are the stock weapons provided to every player by default. They do not count towards the normal Backpack slots, have no unique name prefix, and cannot be modified, traded, gifted, sold, or deleted. Any modification Tool used on a Normal weapon give the player a new drop of the same weapon in the Unique quality.
  • Unique (yellow) items are the "default" quality for items that are found, crafted, rewarded, and purchased (through the in-game store). They have no unique name prefix and non-limited ones can not be sold in the community marketplace. Using the Strangifier Tool on specific Unique items changes it to the Strange quality.
  • Strange (orange-brown) items are special versions of Unique and Normal items, allowing the player to track a certain statistic (usually the amount of kills for a weapon and the amount of points scored for a cosmetic item) achieved using the item. Usually found by unlocking crates, they can also be found by completing "Tours of Duty" in Mann vs. Machine mode and can be obtained by using a special Tool (the Strangifier) on certain Unique items. Special Tools (known as Strange Parts, also found in crates) can be applied to track more statistics (such as specific types of kills). "Strangified" items originating from non-Unique and non-Normal items retain their original item quality (with the added benefits of Strange items). Strange items also have an evolving name prefix (that changes as the player gains more of their primary statistic) and can be traded or sold in the community marketplace (resetting their statistics back to zero).
  • Decorated items are special versions of Normal items found through both Contracts and special Contract Cases (unlocked similarly to normal Crates). Like the weapon skin system used in Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, decorated items have a special exterior pattern (or "skin") applied to them, each with their own unique wear-and-tear (such as blood splatches and scratches showing the the underlying weapon) based on their skin "quality" (from the flawless Factory-New to the extremely worn Battle-Scarred). This quality has no color assigned (and is shown as white in the Steam inventory system) and is instead assigned a weapon grade based on the rarity of the item (from the light blue Civilian Grade to the light red Elite Grade).
  • Unusual (purple) items are rarer versions of cosmetic items and alternate taunts found only by unlocking crates (with a 1% chance per crate). Each Unusual item has a special particle effect to distinguish it in the battlefield. Due to their rarity, they can be sold in the community marketplace (usually for a high price). One other weapon has the Unusual quality, despite not being found in a crate and not having a special particle effect: the Horseless Headless Horsemann's Headtaker.
  • Collector's (red) items are rarer versions of Unique items, crafted by using a special Tool (the Chemistry Set, rarely dropped in the in-game drop system) and requiring 200 copies of the same Unique-quality weapon. Due to their rarity, they can be sold in the community marketplace (usually for a high price).
  • Community (light green) items are given (very rarely) to specific players who have made contributions to the game itself or the Team Fortress 2 communities. They have a unique particle effect (the "Community Sparkle") and special descriptions. Some of the weapons have a glossier appearance. Community-created items included in-game are given to their creators with a unique "Self-Made" name prefix and description.


Items in these qualities are limited-edition designed to increase their appeal and can not be obtained through the drop system, by crafting, or by purchasing in the in-game store. Unlike their non-limited, non-modified Unique counterparts, the items in these qualities can be sold through the community marketplace.

Some items in the Unique quality (notably those released in special events) are also limited-edition (as noted with the "Limited" text in the weapon type) and can be sold in the community marketplace.

  • Vintage (blue) items are special versions of earlier Unique items that were converted automatically. Used originally to designate items obtained before the introduction of the in-game shop, it has also been used in some rare cases (such as designating some items crafted using expensive recipes prior to them being less expensive).
  • Genuine (dark green) items are special versions of promotional items that were awarded to players who pre-ordered or purchased specific games within a specified time window. They were also obtained through purchasing specific merchandise and participating in specific tournaments and special events (in which the item can not be traded or sold).
  • Haunted (green-cyan) items are rarer versions of most Halloween-themed cosmetic items (and the Bat Outta Hell weapon).

Strange Ranks

Strange items are unique in that their name prefix (unless renamed using the Name Tag Tool) changes as the gain more of their primary statistic while using the item (usually Kills for most weapons). Increasing in "rank" will also announce this fact to the server.

The basic ranks for Strange weapons (with some exceptions, primarily for cosmetic items) and the amount of Kills required to reach (for most weapons) are:

  1. Unremarkable (10)
  2. Scarcely Lethal (25)
  3. Mildly Menacing (45)
  4. Somewhat Threatening (70)
  5. Uncharitable (100)
  6. Notably Dangerous (135)
  7. Sufficiently Lethal (175)
  8. Truly Feared (225)
  9. Spectacularly Lethal (275)
  10. Gore-Splattered (350)
  11. Wicked Nasty (500)
  12. Positively Inhumane (750)
  13. Totally Ordinary (999)
  14. Face-Melting (1000)
  15. Rage-Inducing (1500)
  16. Server-Clearing (2500)
  17. Epic (5000)
  18. Legendary (7500)
  19. Australian (7616)
  20. Hale's Own (7500)

Obtaining Items


Prior to the random drop system, players could only earn items by earning a specific number of class-based achievements (reaching special Achievement Milestones). Now, it is simply a way to earn these unlockable items faster. All classes have three unlockable items each (noted below with the amount of achievements required to earn):

  • Scout: Force-A-Nature (10), Sandman (16), Bonk! Atomic Punch (22)
  • Soldier: Equalizer (5), Direct Hit (11), Buff Banner (17)
  • Pyro: Flare Gun (10), Backburner (16), Axtinguisher (22)
  • Demoman: Chargin' Targe (5), Eyelander (11), Scottish Resistance (17)
  • Heavy: Sandvich (10), Natascha (16), Killing Gloves of Boxing (22)
  • Engineer: Frontier Justice (5), Gunslinger (11), Wrangler (17)
  • Medic: Blutsauger (10), Kritzkrieg (16), Übersaw (22)
  • Sniper: Huntsman (5), Jarate (11), Razorback (17)
  • Spy: Ambassador (5), Cloak and Dagger (11), Dead Ringer (17)

While these items can also be found by other means, some other items can only be found by completing specific achievements (such as dominating a player with the Ghastly/Ghostly Gibus or Pyrovision Goggles to earn their own). All items earned through achievements are in Unique quality and can not be traded (although early releases allowed this) or sold in the community marketplace.

Random Drops

Starting with the Sniper vs. Spy update, players can receive basic Unique items (including duplicates) for free by simply playing the game.

Every player, no matter how long they have been playing the game (or their skill level), have an equal chance of receiving weapons throughout each week (as long as they are actively playing in VAC-secured servers). Players earn one random weapon every 30-70 minutes up to a limited amount per week (roughly 10-12 weapons, more for people who have not played in over a week). Weeks start every Thursday morning.

Players can rarely find cosmetic items and Tools (such as Name Tags) through random drops (as long as they have a Premium account). However, these drops (along with Crates, which are slightly more common) use a different time frame.

Prior to April 20, 2010, the random drop system was different in that instead of rolling to determine when the player's next drop is, it rolls randomly at certain intervals to determine if the player receives a drop. This change was in response to both unlucky streaks (in that players can have long periods of no drops) and a idling (a method of "gaming" the random drop system by connecting to a server and doing something else).

Weapons and cosmetic items found through this system can not be sold in the community marketplace.


Introduced in the WAR! update, players can craft new weapons and cosmetic items for free by combining old ones in their inventories with special "craft recipes". Common recipes include:

  • Smelting two weapons used by the same class to create Scrap Metal, then combining three of those to make Reclaimed Metal, then combining three of those to make Refined Metal. These Metals are used in most crafting recipes and is one of the base currencies of the community "economy".
  • Combining three weapons used by the same class to create Class Tokens, then combining three weapons used in the same weapon slot to create Slot Tokens, then combining those with one Scrap Metal to create a random weapon for that class and slot. This is used to attempt to craft a weapon that's not available as a random drop (or in an attempt to receive a new weapon early for free).
  • Combining three Refined Metals (or two cosmetic items) to craft a random cosmetic item. Four Refined Metals and one Class Token can be used to craft a random cosmetic item for that specific class.


Added in the Mann-conomy update, players can trade their items to other players. Originally an in-game system, introduction of Steam Trading allowed players to trade other virtual items in their Steam inventory (including games and items from other games, such as Dota 2 and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive).

When in a trade, players are taken to the trading screen showing the contents of their backpack. Players can use the provided text chat box to negotiate. Players then pick the items they want to trade and check off a box to signal that they're ready. Items can be gifted by one player picking the items to be gifted and the other player checking the ready box with no items selected.

In short time after the update, the Team Fortress 2 community gained a new player-based "economy" with Refined Metal as its base currency. Due to the rarity of limited-edition items and cosmetic items of Unusual quality, the economy would evolve to use Mann Co. Supply Crate Keys as currency (purchasable through the Mann Co. Store as both a way to earn Unusual cosmetic items and a "real world" indicator).

Players can also use the Gift Wrap Tool (introduced in the Scream Fortress Update) to deliver items to other players (including some items that are normally untradable). When unwrapped, the gifted items have a bonus description showing who sent the gift and the time unwrapped.


Also introduced in the Mann-conomy Update is the Mann Co. Store, which lets players purchase various items with real money (including money from the Steam Wallet).

Along with most weapons and cosmetic items normally found in random drops or crafting, players can purchase unique Tools, bundles, and other special items. Players with Free accounts could also upgrade to Premium accounts with any purchase. Outside of the community marketplace, the Mann Co. Store is the only way to get all variations of the Mann Co. Supply Crate Keys (which is commonly used to unlock Crates and earn special items).

Along with previewing cosmetic items on base class models, players can also "try out" any weapon (provided they aren't "New" to the store) for one week, temporarily adding the weapon to the player's inventory.

Portions of purchases of community-contributed items go towards the creators of those items. Players can also purchase "Map Stamps" to contribute to the authors of community maps (which give a special effect to a certain cosmetic item when the map is played).

Major Updates

Gold Rush Update (Medic Update)

The Gold Rush Update
  • New unlock system: players could now unlock weapons (later hats) by earning achievements. This is now one of five ways to obtain items (see Unlock System section for more information).
  • New Medic weapons:

The Blutsauger - New syringe gun that drains health from the enemy.

The Kritzkrieg - New medigun that's Ubercharge gives its recipient 100% chance to score critical hits, instead of the invulnerability given by the original medigun. It charges 25% faster then the normal Medigun, due to its risky nature.

The Ubersaw - Melee weapon that converts damage dealt into Ubercharge. Slower then the ordinary Bonesaw.

The Pyro Update

The Pyro Update
  • New Pyro weapons:

The Flare Gun - Long distance gun that sets enemies on fire.

The Backburner - New flamethrower that guarantees a critical hit when used from behind.

The Axtinguisher - Melee weapon that guarantees a critical hit when the enemy is on fire.

  • Flamethrower given Airblast ability - can push stickies and grenades, deflect rockets and push people a short distance.

A Heavy Update

A Heavy Update (Natascha)
  • New community map: Steel (CP)
  • New game mode: Arena (Arena)
  • New Heavy weapons:

The Sandvich - Healing item that restores 120 health within 4 seconds, rendering the heavy immobile during a comedic animation.

Natascha - New minigun that slows the target upon damaging them. Does 25% less damage then Sasha (original minigun).

The K.G.B. (Killer Gloves of Boxing) - Melee weapon that grants 5 seconds of critical hits to every weapon after killing an enemy. Slower than standard Fists.

The Scout Update

The Scout Update
  • New Scout Weapons:

The Sandman - Baseball bat and ball which, when the ball hits an enemy, causes them to be stunned temporarily in proportion to the distance the ball traveled. Also works on invulnerable player. The Scout cannot use his double jump ability while this is equipped. Players take 50% less damage while stunned.

The Force-a-Nature - Slightly less powerful and containing less ammunition than the Scattergun; this weapon gives the Scout a "knockback" effect, allowing him to push enemies back or push himself higher into the air while jumping.

Bonk! Atomic Punch - A radioactive drink which gives the Scout a short burst of energy enabling him to travel faster and also dodge bullets. A side effect of the drink is that the Scout suffers a period of slowdown after his temporary high which means he is more susceptible to attack.

Also part of the Scout Update were some changes to the Spy class. These included:

  • Faster backstab animation for the Spy.
  • The ability to see the Player ID for enemies when disguised as part of their team.
  • The ability to alter the weapon shown when disguised as enemy character by using the "last disguise" hotkey.
  • When backstabbing from a disguise, the kill speech is now appropriate to the class you were disguised as.

The Sniper Vs. Spy Update

Initially billed as simply the Sniper update, Valve started slipping in hints to the Spy's inclusion (such as the Spy appearing cloaked behind the Sniper on the third day's background picture). On day 4, it was revealed that the update included the Spy.

Sniper vs Spy Update
  • New Arena maps: Sawmill and Nucleus
  • New game mode: Payload Race (PLR)
  • New Payload Race map: Pipeline
  • New community map: Hoodoo (PL)
  • New unlock system: players could now unlock weapons and hats through random weapon drops that would occur by simply playing the game. This is now one of five ways to unlock items (see Unlock System section for more information).
  • New Sniper weapons:

The Razorback - A tribal shield with an electric voltage running through it. When the Sniper has this equipped he is immune to being backstabbed as when the Spy hit him in the back he will will experience a short period of being temporarily stunned and will have to wait before his knife cools down before he can us it again. The Razorback breaks apart after a single stab.

The Huntsman - A bow and arrow which works in the same way as the original Sniper Gun but has the added ability to impale it's victims to walls. Even if the target isn't killed they still have the arrow sticking out of their body. The Huntsman can hold 12 arrows (which is less then the Sniper Gun's 25) and takes 1 second to fully charge itself

Jarate - A jar filled with the Sniper's urine. When it is thrown at an opponent, the disgust is so intense that it causes them to take 35% more damage for a short period of time or until they wash Jarate off by jumping in water. Jarate will disrupt enemy spy cloaking devices and can also be used to douse teammates who are on fire.

  • New Spy weapons:

Dead Ringer - A pocket watch which gives the ability to feign death for 8 seconds (similar to Team Fortress Classic.) When the Spy gets hit by a non-lethal attack, a copy of his corpse will take his place and react accordingly while the Spy is granted 8 seconds of stealth. The Spy cannot cloak normally with this item equipped and upon reappearing a distinctive ring can be heard.

Cloak and Dagger - This wrist watch allows the spy to remain invisible for longer periods of time, as the cloaking ability is only drained whilst moving. Cloaking cannot be replenished by picking up ammo as normal, the spy must remain stationary.

The Ambassador - An even bigger revolver for the Spy that features an engraving of the Scout's mother. The Ambassador features pinpoint accuracy and head shots will register as critical hits, but it's damage is lower and it is subject to recoil and must recover after each shot.

Classless Update

This was the first major update not to have specific features (weapons, achievements, etc) focused towards one or two classes. Hence the name.

The Classless Update
  • Added an additional 18 unlockable hats (two for each class). As of this update every class had 3 unique hats. The Scout, Sniper and Engineer also have an additional hatless model.
  • New community maps: Offblast (Arena) and Yukon (CP)
  • New game mode: King of the Hill (KotH)
  • New KotH map: Viaduct (Nucleus and Sawmill now also KotH maps)
  • Sawmill now also playable as a CTF map.
  • Added new effects for players that have a critical effect such as Kritzkrieg, capturing a flag, and winning the round.
  • Added custom animations for the losing team.

Halowe'en Special

Hallowe'en Special

A special update which lasted between October 29th until November 2nd 2009. The achievements (and the hats that came with them) were only only available between those 5 days.

  • New KotH map: Harvest
  • Five new 'scarechievements' which unlocked Halloween based hats:

WAR! Update (Demoman and Soldier Update)

Similar to The Sniper vs. Spy Update in that two classes would update simultaneously, in this case the Demoman and the Soldier, the WAR! update added new weapons, maps, achievements etc. The update had another layer to it in that the two classes were pitted against each other. In the end Soldiers had killed more Demomans than the demomans killed soldiers, so the soldiers got an extra weapon, the gunboats.

WAR! Demoman vs Soldier Update
  • New unlock system: items can now be created through crafting (see Unlock System section for more information).
  • New maps: Gorge (CP) and Doublecross (CTF)
  • New Demoman Weapons:

The Eyelander - A replacement to the Demo's melee weapon, The Eyelander decapitates any enemy that it kills. As it's cursed you start off with less health but, for every hit you get to a neck, you receive a health and speed boost (up to 4 times). It deals no crits unless used with The Chargin' Targe's charge ability.

The Chargin' Targe - This wooden shield is designed to work best in conjunction with The Eyelander. It replaces the sticky bomb launcher and gives the Demo a 65% blast damage resistance and 50% fire resistance. The alt-fire makes you lunge forward quickly, damaging anyone in your way.

The Scottish Resistance - A tactical replacement to the sticky bomb launcher. It carries twice as many stickies as normal and can set off individual (or clusters of) bombs off by facing them, instead of blowing them all at once. On the down side it has a longer priming rate (0.4 sec per bomb).

  • New Soldier Weapons:

The Direct Hit - This more accurate rocket launcher trades precision for area of effect. It has a 70% smaller blast radius but it's 80% faster and has 25% more destructive force. It also deals a mini-crit to any airborne enemy that has been pushed in the air by explosion.

The Equalizer - Melee-slot pick axe which increases in power the more damage you take. As you lose more health The Equalizer becomes both faster and stronger. It's most powerful when you're on the verge of death.

The Buff Banner - Secondary-slot item that gives nearby teammates temporary mini-crits on all damage they deal. When equipped, as you deal damage a rage meter in filled up. When full the Soldier sounds his bugle and any friendlies near your flag will gain 10 secs of mini-crit damage.

The Gunboats - A pair of boots that reduce rocket jump damage by 75%. It is a secondary-slot item.

119th Update

To celebrate TF2's 119th update, the developers of the game decided to commemorate the occasion with a special addition to the game as long with releasing a Heavy figurine for sale.

119th Update
  • 4 medals which indicate the length of time a person has being playing the game:
  1. Primeval Warrior (played since the pre-launch beta). A Platinum medal. This was added after the 119th update.
  2. Grizzled Veteran (from 0-3 months after release). A Gold medal.
  3. Soldier of Fortune (3 months to 1 year after release). A Silver medal.
  4. Weekend Warrior (1 year to present after release). A bronze medal. The name was later changed to Mercenary due to user demand.
  • A recap of every update made to the game (click the above link).

Mac/Offline Modes Update

Apart from bringing TF2 to Macs the update also added new features and items.

  • TF2 playable on Mac platform.
  • New Training mode - gives players basic training on how to play the game (currently you can only play the mode as Soldier and on a CP map).
  • New Offline Practice Mode - allows you to play the game against bots on variable difficulty settings.
  • Users who played the game on Mac in the first few days of its release were given free white earbuds (similar to those which come with Apple iPods) for their backpacks.
  • The game menus where simplified, making them easier to navigate

The Engineer Update

The Engineer was the last class to receive an update.

The Engineer Update
  • Special limited edition Golden Wrenches - same as the normal wrench but when killing an enemy it also turns them into a gold statue. Only a hundred were available.
  • New Payload maps: Upward and Thunder Mountain
  • New Payload Race map: Hightower
  • New community map: Coldfront (CP)
  • New Engineer weapons:

Frontier Justice - A replacement shotgun which holds less ammo but gains two critical hits from every kill with the sentry. Also receives a bonus crit when the sentry is destroyed.

The Wrangler - A replacement pistol which has the player take over their sentry gun. It also creates a shield around the sentry, which blocks up to 66% of damage, and it increases the firing rate of the sentry.

The Southern Hospitality - A new community submitted wrench. Enemies hit by the wrench take bleed damage, but the wrench does not deal critical damage.

The Gunslinger - A glove which replaces the wrench. Players gain an extra 25 health and can create "mini-sentries", which are weaker than regular sentries but build four times as fast.

The Mann-Conomy Update

The MANN-conomy Update

An update that brought new ways to receive items.

  • The Mann Co. Store - You can now purchase items with real cash.
  • The Mann Co. Catalog - An index of every item in the game.
  • Backpack space has been doubled.
  • Players can now trade and gift their items to others people.
  • Certain items can now be customized by changing their name or color.
  • Weapons and hats can now be a part of a set. Equipping all the items in a set will confer additional bonuses.
  • Added the winning entries of the Polycount Contest
  • New Scout Weapons:

The Shortstop - Primary weapon replacement. Holds four shots in a clip and slows the target by 40% for .5s

Mad Milk - Replaces the Pistol. Similar to Jarate, you and your teammates heal 75% of the damage done to the saturated enemies.

The Holy Mackeral - A wrapped fish that goes in the melee slot. Counts the number of times you hit an enemy in the kill feed, even if they enemy doesn't die. Otherwise, it's not much different from the Bat.

The Special Delivery set: Equipping the Milkman hat as well as all the weapons above provides you with an additional 25 points of maximum health on the wearer.

  • New Soldier Weapons:

The Black Box - Replaces the Rocket Launcher or Direct Hit. It has a smaller clip by 25% (one rocket) but grants the player 15 health on hit.

The Battalion's Backup - Replaces Buff Banner, Shotgun, or Gunboats. Works like the Buff Banner, build up a "rage" meter for all damage you take and deal but grants a defensive buff. Reducing damage by 35% and negating crits for nearby team members.

The Tank Buster set: Equipping the Grenadier's Softcap hat as well as all the weapons above provides you with 20% sentry damage resistance on wearer.

The Rocket Jumper - This Rocket Launcher deals no damage to you or any enemies and has 200% max primary ammo, but comes with a penalty of -100 health. This is meant to help new Soldiers practice Rocket Jumping.

  • New Pyro Weapons:

The Degreaser - Replaces the Flamethrower. It allows the player to switch weapons 65% percent faster but it loses 25% burn damage.

The Powerjack - Replaces the Pyro's melee weapon. Deals no random crits but does 25% extra damage and restores 75 health on kill.

The Gas Jockey's Gear set: Equipping The Attendant hat as well as all the weapons above provides 10% movement speed increase and 10% additional bullet vulnerability.

  • New Heavy Weapon:

Gloves of Running Urgently - These boxing gloves make the heavy run 30% faster but do -50% damage. Also, when they are active the heavy loses 6 health per second.

  • New Medic Weapon:

The Vita-Saw - While it reduces the health on the wearer by 10 it also saves up to 20% of your Uber-charge when you die.

  • New Sniper Weapons:

The Sydney Sleeper - Replaces the Sniper Rifle. While it can't head shot it applies Jarate on target for 8 seconds after fully charged.

Darwin's Danger Shield - Replacement for the secondary slot. This alligator skin shield provides 25 max health on the wearer.

The Bushwacka - Replaces the Kukri. All swipes that would normally mini-crit will instead perform a regular crit. User also gains a 20% increase to fire vulnerability.

The Croc-O-Style set: Equipping the Ol' Snaggletooth hat as well as all the above weapons will cause lethal headshots to leave you with 1 hit point remaining.

  • New Spy Weapons:

L'Etranger - Replaces the Revolver. This weapons deals 20% less damage but gives the player 15% cloak on each hit.

Your Eternal Reward - Replaces the Knife. Prevents the user from using the disguise kit but performing a backstab will automatically disguise you as the enemy stabbed. Opponents killed with the knife, backstab or not, don't scream and their corpses quickly fade away.

The Saharan Spy set: Equipping the Familiar Fez hat as well as all the above weapons will reduce the decloak sound volume but will make the cloak shimmer for an extra .5 seconds if you're hit.

The Second Annu-Hell Scream Fortress Hauntdead Halloween Special

A special update which began on October 28th, 2010. The achievements, as well as the acquisition/wearing of special hats and items, were only only available during the event.

  • Added the Art-pass winners: Mountain Lab and Mann Manor.
  • Four new 'ghostchievements'.
  • During the Halloween event, there will be special gift drops in the Mann Manor as well as the first official boss of TF2: the Horseless Headless Horseman.
  • Descriptions of items can now be customized with the "description tag"
  • Items bought in the store can now be gift wrapped
  • New Demoman weapon:

The Sticky Jumper - This Sticky Bomb Launcher deals no damage to you or any enemies and has 200% max primary ammo, but comes with a penalty of -75 health. This is meant to help new Demomen practice Sticky Bomb Jumping.

Australian Christmas Update

A special update released on December 17th, 2010.

  • Added the Medieval Mode game mode, which restricts players to melee unlocks and certain items.
  • Added three new weapon sets to the Mann Co. Store: The Medi-eval Medic, The Hibernating Bear, and the Expert's Ordinance for the Medic, Heavy and Demoman.
  • Added 20 new hats.
  • Increased the size of the backpack by 100 spaces.
  • Added a "festive holiday key" that opens the festive holiday crates that are only available until the end of December.
  • Added a "stamp store" that will let players buy "stamps" for community made maps to help support the map makers. The stamps will give the player a special particle effect when they're on maps that they own stamps for.
  • New Scout weapons:

The Boston Basher

- A spiked bat that deals bleed damage for 5 seconds on hit. If you miss the hit, however, the damage and bleed is applied to yourself.

The Candy Cane

- A candy cane that makes the enemy drop a health kit upon a successful kill, but adds a 25% explosive damage penalty to yourself.

  • New Pyro weapons:

The Back Scratcher - A garden rake melee unlock that increases melee damage by 25% and health gained from healthpacks by 50%, but reduces the effectives of Medic healing (by Medigun or Crusader's Crossbow) by 75%.

  • New Demoman weapons:

The Loch-n-Load - A grenade launcher that adds damage dealt and 25% projectile speed while sacrificing -60% of the normal grenade launcher clip size, adding 25% damage to the user and projectiles that shatter when they hit a solid object.

The Ullapool Caber - A melee unlock that when struck against a solid object (wall, enemy, etc.) explodes and damages everyone in a certain radius while losing the ability to critical hit.

The Claidheamohmor - A melee unlock that increases the duration of your Chargin' Targe-charge by .5 seconds while having a penalty of no critical hits and a -15 health effect.

  • New Heavy weapons:

The Brass Beast

- A primary unlock minigun that adds 20% damage while increasing the spin-up time by 50% and slows the user down by 60% while the gun is spinning.

The Buffalo Steak Sandvich

- Once eaten, the users move speed increases. However, all damage taken by the player will be minicrits and the user can only use melee weapons while the effect is active.

Warrior's Spirit

- A melee unlock that increases melee damage by 30% while taking -20 overall health from the user.

  • New Medic weapons:

Crusader's Crossbow

- A primary unlock that replaces the syringe gun. The crossbow fires bolts that heal teammates and do damage to enemies based on the distance the shot travels. No headshots are available with this weapon and the overall ammo is reduced by -75%.


- A melee slot unlock. When the taunt for this weapon is performed it will heal all teammates within a certain radius.

  • New Engineer weapons:

The Jag - A melee unlock wrench that increases the construction (and deployment) speed of buildings by 30%. Damage dealt by the wrench is reduced by -25%.

Hatless Update

This update arrived on April 14th 2011

The Hatless Update
  • A Coaching mechanic was introduced which allows less experienced players to call a player that has signed up for coaching.
  • Three new classes, the Spy, Demoman and Engineer, have been added to the basic training teaching device.
  • A new UI for voting has been added.
  • Dynamic Model Loading has been added which reduces the amount of memory TF2 uses.
  • Servers can now associate themselves with Steam ID's allowing Valve to track good and bad server and take appropriate action.
  • Duelists can now choose a mutual class to be locked in for the duration of the game.
  • Bots can now play payload and bot Spy's have been improved.
  • Voice chat has been improved with Steam's new SILK audio codec.
  • Players running TF2 in DX8 can now see paint.
  • An update of the Hatless Update released a misc item, the Companion Cube Pin, which was given for pre-ordering Portal 2 before April 15th.
  • New map: Badlands (KOTH)

The Replay Update

The Replay Update

This update came out on May 5th, 2011.

  • Introduced the replay feature, which allows players to record their current life (or previous life) by pressing F6. Servers must have the replay function turned on for it to work. Players can then edit the clip in-game using the replay editor. Editing options include in and out points and multiple camera perspectives (third person, first person and free camera.) Things like kill icons, text/voice chat and other HUD elements won't appear in the replay. After a clip has been edited, players can upload the clip directly to YouTube from within the game.
  • Added crafting numbers to crafted headgear. The first 100 players to craft a new headgear get the craft number attached to the name of the hat, i.e. "Team Captain #95". This is only available for newer headgear.
  • Added 11 new hats and miscellaneous items: Team Captain, Furious Fukaamigasa, Hottie's Hoodie, Connoisseur's Cap, Large Luchadore, Western Wear, Ol' Geezer, Doctor's Sack, Crocleather Slouch, Villain's Veil, and Frontline Field Recorder.
  • Added 8 new achievements for editing and posting replays.
  • Added a new equippable taunt, "Director's Vision," for obtaining the "Star of My Own Show" achievement.
  • Various fixes and new styles for Aperture Labs Hard Hat and Blighted Beak.

The Über Update

This update was released on June 23rd, 2011.

The Uber Update

The Tomislav

- A primary unlock minigun that increases the silent, spin-up time by 75% and slows the firing speed down by 20%.

The Family Business

- A shotgun with a 40% increase in clip size, while damage done decreases by 15%.

The Eviction Notice

- A melee unlock that increases firing speed by 50% while decreasing the damage by 60%.

  • New Medic Weapons:

The Overdose

- This replaces the syringe gun, dealing 10% less damage but as the Medic's Ubercharge builds, his movement speed can increase up to a max of 10%

The Quick Fix

- A secondary unlock which a 40% faster heal rate and 25% faster ubercharge build rate when compared with the default Medi Gun, however, the Quick Fix cannot overheal. When a Ubercharge is deployed the healing rate is tripled and is immune to movement effects. When healing a faster class the medic will match their speed.

The Solemn Vow

- This melee weapon allows the user to view enemy health and names

  • New Spy Weapons:

The Enforcer - Replaces the Revolver. This weapons deals 20% more damage but there is a 0.5 second increase in the time taken to cloak.

The Big Earner - Replaces the Knife. There is a 30% increase in the cloak timer on each kill, however, the health of the wearer will decrease by 25%.

The Made Man - A gentleman always has a flower handy to drop on an opponent's grave.

  • New Sniper Weapons:

The Bazaar Bargain - Replaces the Sniper Rifle. Each consecutive headshot gives an additional +10 charge per second, however, a body shot reduces the bonus and a missed shot clears the bonus entirely with a -20 base charge rate penalty.

The Shahanshah - Replaces the Kukri. There is a 25% increase in damage when health is less than 50% of the maximum, though, there is a -25% decrease in damage when health is more than 50% of the max.

  • New Demoman weapons:

The Splendid Screen - A shield unlock which adds +25% fire damage resistance and +20% explosive damage resistance on the wearer. The shield can deal a +70% increase in charge impact damage at any range.

The Persian Persuader - A sword unlock which provides a 100% increase in charge recharge rate. All ammo collected becomes health.

Ali Baba's Wee Booties - Shoes which add an additional +25 to the maximum health on the wearer, as well as a 100% increase in turning control while charging.

  • New Scout weapons:

The Soda Popper - A scattergun that has a 50% faster firing speed in addition to a 25% faster reloading speed, however, it decreases clip size by 60% and cannot deal random critical hits. As you run, the weapon builds 'hype.' When the hype meter is full, the player unleashes mini-crits.

The Atomizer - A bat that grants triple jump, though deals 10 damage on the third jump. This bat has a 30% slower firing speed and -20% damage done.

The Winger - A pistol unlock that deals 15% extra damage, but is complicated by a decrease in clip size by 60%.

  • New Soldier Weapons:

The Mantreads - A pair of boots that takes -75% away from the push taken by damage and deals 3x falling damage for any player you land on.

The Disciplinary Action - A riding crop that when it hits an ally, it boosts both players speed for several seconds. It also does 25% less damage.

The Liberty Launcher - A rocket launcher that fires rockets at 40% extra speed while also cutting the clip size by 25%

The Reserve Shooter - A shotgun that has a 15% faster weapon switch speed that also mini-crits airborne targets for three seconds after the switch. It also has a 50% smaller clip size.

The Market Gardener - A shovel that deals crits whilst the player is rocket jumping. When not rocket jumping, The Market Gardener does not produce random critical hits.

  • New Pyro Weapons:

The Detonator - A replacement for the Flare Gun. The alt-fire detonates an explosive flare.

The Manniversary Update

This update was released on October 13, 2011.

The MANNaversary Update
  • New community map: Gullywash (CP)
  • Added a second miscellaneous loadout slot and changed a few items that were previously hats to miscellaneous items. For example, the Spy can now equip the Noh Mercy and the Camera Beard at the same time.
  • Added a high-five cooperative taunt. Players on the same team can now high-five each other with different animations depending on their class.
  • Introduced loadout presets. Buttons on the various class loadout pages allow players to save up to four different loadouts per class.
  • Added the Decal Tool. This store-only item allows players to put a custom decal onto certain new items.
  • Added 21 new hats, 11 new miscellaneous items, three weapon reskins, and a new noisemaker.
  • Unveiled the Steam Workshop, a more user-friendly redesign of the community item-submission page and a community-rated database of user submitted weapons and items.

The 3rd Annu-Hell Scream Fortress Very Scary Halloween Special

Update released October 27, 2011.

3rd Annual TF2 Scream Fortress Update

One week previous to the event (October 20, 2011), the Horseless Headless Horsemann was re-enabled on the Mann Manor map, Halloween-specific items were made available for equip, and the Thriller taunt was turned on again.

  • Added the Eyeaduct event map featuring the dreaded Monoculus.
  • Added Halloween costume item sets for each class as well three miscellaneous items, three hats, and new styles for the Spine-Chilling Skull and Ghastly Gibus.
  • Added two new weapons: Unarmed Combat and Wanga Prick.
  • Added two new Halloween-only achievements.
  • All players received a Halloween Goodie Cauldron.

Australian Christmas Update 2011

Australian Christmas 2011

A special update released on December 16th, 2011.

  • Added the Engineer “Brainiac Pack”: The Pomson 6000, The Eureka Effect, The Brainiac Goggles (Accessory) and the Maths-Enhancing Hair-Do (Hat).

  • Added the Pyro “Moonman Pack” : The Third Degree, The Phlogistinator and the Manmelter 3600 ZX, The Bubble Pipe (Hat) and The Moonman Backpack (Accessory).

  • Added a new CP map, the Foundry.

  • Added 14 new Community weapons and hats.

  • Added Naughty Crates and Nice Crates that will revert back to normal on Dec.22.


An update released on June 27th, 2012. The update coincides with the release of the final "Meet the.." video, this time for the Pyro.

City on Fire (Pyromania Update)
  • Adds a new map called Doomsday.
  • New game mode - Special Delivery. It is a one-flag CTF variant where RED and BLU fight to deliver Austraulium to a rocket on the far side of the map.
  • Pyrovision - Before July 5th 2012, all players received a "Vintage" pair of Pyrovision goggles. When equipped, its allows the player, to see the world as Pyroland; a cutesy and childlike version of TF2. Players laugh when they die, you "Best Friend" enemies as opposed to dominating and a number of other effects are seen.
  • The miscellaneous items Burning Bongos, Infernal Orchestrial and Balloonicorn were added
  • New Scout Weapons - "The Public Enemy" Pack
Pretty Boy's Pocket Pistol - A pistol giving the player an health increase of 15% as well as immunity to fall damage. The gun also has a 25% slower firing speed and an extra 50% of fire damage for the user.
Baby Face's Blaster - A 40% more accurate scattergun that builds "boost" on hit. When activated, this boost gives the user double the run speed. On the flip side the gun has a -30% damage penalty, 35% slower movement speed and the "boost" resets when the player jumps
  • New Sniper Weapons - "The Urban Professional" Pack

The Cleaner's Carbine - A new SMG which gives the player 3 seconds of crits on kill. The weapon also has a -20% clip size, a lack of random critical hits and a 35% slower firing speed

The Hitman's Heatmaker - A sniper rifle that gains "focus" for the user on kills and assists. This entails a 25% faster charge, decapitation headshots and no unscoping on use. "Focus" activates on fire when focus meter is full. On body shors, there is a -20% damage penalty.

  • New Soldier Weapon - "The Dumpster Diver" Pack

The Beggar's Bazooka - The soldier's new rocket launcher that, when the fire button is held, three rockets are loaded up and unleashed on fire. The launcher also has a +3 degrees random projectile deviation, makes the soldier unable to collect ammo for dispensers and overloading the chamber will cause a misfire.

The Escape Plan - added as an alternative to the Equalizer, which gives the soldier a speed boost when he takes damage. this ability was removed from the Equalizer.

  • New Pyro Weapons

The Scorch Shot - New flare gun which knocks targets back on hit and ignites surrounding enemies in a small radius and also has a -50% damage penalty.

Rainblower - A flamerthrower replacement that has the same stats as the regular flamethrower. The item fires rainbows instead of flames and the player sees in Pyroland. The item can only be seen by others who are also in Pyroland.

Lollichop - A giant lollipop that replaces the Fireaxe. Allows the player to see in Pyroland. The item can only be seen by others who are also in Pyroland.

Mann vs Machine

An update released on August 15th, 2012. The update adds a new robot faction known as the Gray Horde to Team Fortress 2 and includes the first-ever TF2 Co-op mode. Six players team up to face down the Gray Horde and defend Mann Co. from the wrath of Gray Mann.

Mann vs Machine Co-op Update
  • Adds several new maps for use in the new Co-op mode: Mannworks, Coal Town, and Decoy.
  • New Game Mode - Six Player Co-op: A new mode in which players (in teams of six) face off against the forces of the Gray Horde in order to prevent the robot horde from delivering a large bomb to the Mann Bombhole.
  • Adds Upgrade Centers to the new Co-op Mode, which allow players to upgrade their weapons in their arsenal with the "money" they collect from the defeated robots during the cool-down period after each round.
  • Adds Tactical Options: Allows players to utilize special tactical options for their selected character against the robot hordes. Each character has unique tactical advantages that can help turn the tide of battle against the Gray Horde. For example, the Sniper's Jarate and the Scout's Mad Milk can slow down opponents when upgraded.
  • Adds Incredible Loot Rewards: Survive against every wave of enemies in a selected mission to unlock incredible loot for the players.
  • Adds Mann Up Mode: A special, pay-to-play mode in Team Fortress 2 that grants access to specialized loot and items that are quite rare.
  • Adds 35 new Co-op Mode achievements to Team Fortress 2.
  • Adds Canteens, special Mann Co. canteens given to the player that can hold up to three uses of the following perks in each one:
Ubercharge: Supplies 5 seconds of personal invulnerability on the user
Critical Hit Boost: Full "Critical Hits" hit power for 5 seconds
Ammo/Clip Refill: Never stop shooting with this instant ammo clip refill
Return to Base: Instantly returns the player to the respawn room for last-minute base defense, also provides short speed boost
Buildings Upgrade: For the Engineer who needs Lv. 3 buildings in a hurry

The 4th Annu-Hell Scream Fortress Spectral Halloween Special

4th Anu-Hell Scream Fortress Update

An update released on October 26th, 2012. This update continues the annual tradition of Halloween-based updates for Team Fortress 2.

  • Ghost Fort: A haunted, twisted version of the standard Lakeside KoTH map, featuring the spectral ghost of the wizard Merasmus as the newest TF2 mini-boss
  • Wheel of Fate: A interesting twist to the standard King of the Hill mode formula, the Wheel of Fate becomes active whenever the control point changes hands, unleashing a potentially bad (or good) fate upon those caught within it's influence!
  • Magic Spells: Several special gift drops that allows the user to cast spells upon the items within their inventory. Shifting paint colors! Ghost summoning! Flaming footsteps and much more!
  • Wave 666: The newest Mann vs Machine addition, Wave 666 takes place at Coal Town when dusk has set upon the land. It also adds a whole new enemy type to the game with the introduction of zombies, who have replaced the Gray Horde and are eager to eat your brains! Can you survive the onslaught of the undead?
  • Adds two new Halloween-specific achievements to Team Fortress 2.
  • Adds new hats, cosmetic items, and the Bat Outta Hell weapon that can be used by all classes excluding the Engineer and Spy.

The Mecha Update

The Mecha Update

An update that was made available for release on December 20th, 2012. This update includes a new robot-class addition to the popular Mann vs Machine mode along with new weapons, the return of Naughty/Nice Crates, and a new MvM map.

  • Take Up Arms Against the Mecha-Engineers: Joining the ranks of the Gray Horde is the Mecha-Engineer, a robotic version of our favorite Texan who can teleport around the map and gives the ability to teleport to his fellow robotic teammates!
  • Big Rock: The largest map ever made for Mann vs Machine, Big Rock is the newest addition to the formidable MvM lineup, providing unique challenges and being the place where the Mecha-Engineer class makes their debut.
  • Return of the Naughty and Nice Crates: As with last's year's Australian Christmas 2011 update, the special Naughty and Nice-themed crates make their return to Team Fortress 2, containing various smissmas goods! On January 3rd, 2013, these special crates will revert back into normal crates.
  • New Demoman Weapon

Loose Cannon - A grenade launcher that fires cannonballs that knock back opponents. The projectiles explode after 2 seconds and deal 50% less damage after they make contact with a surface. The fuse time of the cannonball can be controlled by holding down the fire button.

  • New Enginer Weapon

Rescue Ranger - A shotgun that allows the engineer to pick up buildings at long range at the cost of 130 metal. While carrying buildings the engineer takes mini-crits. Shots from the Rescue Ranger repair friendly buildings. Engineers carrying the weapon have 50% less primary ammunition.

  • New Medic Weapon

Vaccinator - A medigun that allows the medic to cycle through resistances to bullet, explosive, or fire damage. Healing applies 10% selected resistance to the medic and his target, while an ubercharge applies 75% resistance. The Vaccinator charges 50% faster than the standard medigun but overheals 66% slower.

The Linux Update

An update released on February 14th, 2013. This update brings Team Fortress 2 to the world of Linux and includes a special edition Tux Penguin (all classes) to all players who try the game before March 1st, 2013.

  • Linux Arrives: Team Fortress 2 has finally become available for gamers on the Linux system.
  • Tux Penguin: Everyone who tries Team Fortress 2 on Linux before March 1st will receive a special edition Tux Penguin item that is usable by all classes in-game.

Robotic Boogaloo

An update released on May 17, 2013, the Robotic Boogaloo update is the first update to consist solely of community-created content. The 57 new items are robot-themed re-imaginings of classic cosmetic items. Also included are special RoboCrates which contain the new items and must be opened with the new RoboCrate Key.

Summer Event 2013

An update released on July 10, 2013, this update introduced new summer-themed crates and keys, 2 new maps, fixed bugs on old maps, and tweaked several weapons for balance (changelog).

  • Summer Coolers come in 8 different colors and contain a total of 64 new community made items submitted through Valve's new Gold Star verification system. A Summer Appetizer crate was released a week before the event.
  • New maps: Standin (CP) and Process (CP)
  • Various fixes for the majority of existing maps in Team Fortress 2. Fixed sentry jumping exploits, clipping issues, incorrect geometry, lighting bugs, and many of other issues.
  • Major balance changes for dozens of weapons including Battalion's Backup, Dead Ringer, Quick Fix, Escape Plan, Cow Mangler 5000, and others. Item set bonuses were removed from the game.
  • Idling (running one or more instances of TF2 in order to receive item drops) is no longer possible because of changes made to the game's text mode and new rules put in place by Valve.

The Scream Fortress 5th Annual Helloween Special

An update that was released on October 29th, 2013, this update brought around the latest additions to the annual tradition of Halloween-themed updates being released for Team Fortress 2.

  • Helltower Awaits! A demonic version of the payload race map Hightower in which players must push a special cart carrying one of the bodies of Redmond or Blutarch Mann in a race to send the other brother to hell first. Beware the horrors of the witching hour!
  • Spell books: Special books that can be equipped in order to use magical spells.
  • Over 100 New Items: Over 100 twisted, creative, and downright horrifying community-created items are introduced to Team Fortress 2.
  • Eight special Scream Fortress-specific achievements that go along with the new Helltower map.

The Two Cities Update

An update released on November 21st, 2013, this update brought two new Mann vs Machine maps, a new Control Point map, achievements, new upgrades, the ultra-rare Australium weapons set, and other changes.

  • New Maps: Mannhattan (Co-op), Rottenburg (Co-op), and Snakewater (CP).
  • New Achievements related to the newly-released maps.
  • New Soldier Upgrade that allows for special rockets that shoot faster, stun foes that do not die from the blasts, and creates larger blast radiuses on successful hits.
  • Added The Reanimator, Projectile Shield, and Mad Milk Syringes (Medic) for use in Mann vs Machine.
  • Updated Statistical Information that shows your stats during Mann vs Machine matches (Kills, Deaths, Healing, Tour #, Score, Tank Damage, Support, Money, etc)
  • Mann Co. Victory Guarantee: All money earned in a MvM match can go towards unlocking a full Refund that can be used for tactical purposes when the going gets tough. Want new upgrades? Want to switch to a new character class? With the Mann Co. Refund, it's possible!
  • New Killstreak Kits that allow players to craft special Killstreak Weapons, each with their own unique effects that can be added to not only the weapon, but the user's character as well.
  • Adds special Australium weapons to Team Fortress 2.

The Love & War Update

An update released on June 18th, 2014, this update adds new weapons, achievements, and taunts to Team Fortress 2.

  • Twenty-nine new achievements that correspond with the update's new content.
  • New weapons for the Scout, Soldier, Demoman, and Sniper.
  • Special crafting recipe for the Bread Box, a special craft item that functions like a crate and offers special update-related weapons (as seen below). Possibly contains special Strange versions of those items below!
  • New special "offensive bread weaponry" that put a mutant bread twist on some classic items (Jarate, Gloves of Running Urgently, Sapper, Mad Milk).
  • New taunts that feature conga line dancing, square dancing, mighty headbutts, flipping friends, and facing off in an epic duel of Rock, Paper, Scissors.
  • Partner Taunts: Perform taunts with members of the enemy team!

The Scream Fortress 6th Annual Halloween Special

An update released on October 29th, 2014, this update brought around new additions to the annual tradition of Halloween-inspired updates that are released for Team Fortress 2. The update adds a new map, achievements, items, and hats to Team Fortress 2.

  • The Carnival of Carnage Awaits! Face off in a twisted carnival-infused version of the standard Doomsday map in which each team is tasked with delivering a special suitcase filled with tickets to the capture point on the map. Watch out for the curses the vile Merasmus will cast upon everyone and get behind the wheel of bumper cars in one of three special competitions after the suitcase has been successfully delivered! This is a Special Delivery map.
  • Six new achievements related to the update, including ones for the new map and bumper car mode.
  • New cosmetic items, hats, and other creations approved for the game from the Steam Workshop.
  • Adds the Kritz or Treat Canteen, a Halloween/Full Moon-only variation of the standard Canteen used in the Mann vs Machine (MvM) mode. Usable by all classes.
  • Adds the Necro Smasher, a wooden mallet that is usable by every class as a melee weapon except for the Spy.

The End of The Line Community Created Update

An update released on December 8th, 2014, this update brings about the release of the long awaited End of The Line Source Film Maker (SFM) animation created by James McVinnie. The update also adds new cosmetic items (including strange variations), new unusuals, a new weapon, taunt, and minor fixes for several items used in Team Fortress 2.

  • The End of The Line Arrives! BLU hatches a devious plot to destroy the RED team's base by sending a runaway train carrying a lethal payload towards the RED base at the end of the line! Can RED bring an end to the runaway threat? Or will they see the base they are stationed at get blown away? Everything ends at the End of The Line!
  • Twenty-one new cosmetic items created by the community inspired by End of the Line!
  • Adds new strange and unusual variations of the new cosmetic items and the Crossing Guard weapon.
  • Adds the Pool Party taunt, a new Pyro taunt that features everyone's favorite pyromaniac breaking out a gasoline-filled paddle pool, complete with lighter and a rubber duck!
  • Adds the Crossing Guard, a rail-road crossing signal melee weapon that is usable by every class (excluding the Engineer and Spy).
  • Adds the End of The Line Key to the Mann Co. Store, which is used to open the End of The Line Community Crates that players collect.
  • Adds the Duck Journal and Duck Tokens to Team Fortress 2.

The Smissmas 2014 Update

An update released on December 22nd, 2014, this update continues the annual Christmas-related updates that Valve has released since 2010. Added to Team Fortress 2 in this update are seven new festive weapons, new cosmetics items, two new Demoman weapons, a new shotgun, new naughty and nice crate keys, stat adjustments for many of the Demoman's weapons, and other items.

  • New Weapons Arrive! Three new weapons have arrived for Team Fortress 2 just in time for Smissmas this year! The Demoman gets the Iron Bomber (grenade launcher) and Quickiebomb Launcher (stickybomb launcher) while the Engineer, Soldier, Heavy, and Pyro receive the Panic Attack, a new shotgun that packs quite a punch!
  • Mannpower Beta is Here! Joining the ranks of Astroid and Cactus Canyon in the beta section of Team Fortress 2 is Mannpower, a new twist on the standard CTF mode that is currently seen on TF2. This new mode adds the Grappling Hook, a new action item that allows the player to latch onto distant objects and pull themselves towards it. The intel must be uncontested in order to be captured, and whichever team captures it ten times wins the match. Special power-ups have been added to make things more interesting on the battlefield! Two maps (Gorge and an altered version of Foundry) currently support Mannpower's mode.
  • Added 28 new limited community-created items to the Nice Crates that players unbox. Each new cosmetic item can also come in strange quality.
  • New Festive Weapons and Items! As seen with past updates, new festive versions of popular weapons/items on Team Fortress 2 have been added to the game. This year, seven new festive items make their arrival within the Naughty Crates that players unbox. Each new item can also come in strange quality. Below are the new festive additions:
  1. Festive BONK! Atomic Punch (Scout)
  2. Festive Backburner (Pyro)
  3. Festive Revolver (Spy)
  4. Festive Shotgun (Engineer, Soldier, Pyro, Heavy)
  5. Festive Chargin' Targe (Demoman)
  6. Festive Bonesaw (Medic)
  7. Festive SMG (Sniper)

The Gun Mettle Update

The Gun Mettle Update

An update released on July 2nd, 2015, this large update brought new community maps, cosmetics, different types of special weapons, taunts, tools. and launched the Gun Mettle Campaign in Team Fortress 2. In addition, newly-themed cases (containing themed weapons and cosmetics) along with two special keys were added to the game.

Minor Updates

These updates didn't change the game as significantly as the major ones but still changed the game in a notable way.

Minor Engineer Update

Though not a large update like the class specific ones, this patch gave engineers the ability to upgrade their teleporters and dispensers to level 3. Rank 3 dispensers give ally players health and ammo at a greater rate and also included new upgrading animations. Rank 3 teleporters recharge faster than normal.

Minor Spy Update

Released along side the small engineer update. Spies became able to recharge their cloaking ability by picking up ammo off of the ground.

Crit Update

A small update affecting critical hits and the balancing of weapons. Critical chances were lowered. The Heavy's unlockable gun, Natascha, was given increased slowdown and strength. Soldier's rocket ammo rose from 16 to 20.

Loadout Screen Update

This update changed the character loadout screen to include a slot for headgear. Headgear is purely a cosmetic change (characters can wear a variety of unlockable hats) and has no effect on how the classes play.

Cheater's Lament Update

A small update in which all hats unlocked obtained through external idling application were removed from the players who used them.

In addition to that, players who didn't cheat were rewarded with a new special hat - Cheater's Lament. It is is a shining halo which is attached to the player's head by two strings.


Hats are a popular collectible item in Team Fortress 2. They range in popularity and rarity, and the number of hats in the game has been increasing in recent updates due to the involvement of the Team Fortress 2 community. Below is a list of all the hats in Team Fortress 2 that can be equipped by any class. The page for each class has a complete list of class-specific items: Scout, Soldier, Pyro, Demoman, Heavy, Engineer, Medic, Sniper, Spy.

Miscellaneous items

Miscellaneous items fit in cosmetic slots on the loadout screen, just like hats. Below is a list of all the miscellaneous items in Team Fortress 2 that can be equipped by any class. The page for each class has a complete list of class-specific items: Scout, Soldier, Pyro, Demoman, Heavy, Engineer, Medic, Sniper, Spy.


The original graphical style shows just how much changed during development.

Valve seems to have a penchant for agonizingly lengthy development cycles; the gap between the first two Half-life games was 6 years. According to Valve staff in the game's commentary, TF2's delays were the product of ideas that failed after significant time had been invested in them. The clean-cut spy movie look of the released product was not even a notion in the early stages of this game's R&D. The first screenshots make TF2 look like an attempt at a realistic modern combat simulator. This was the initial intent, but this idea was scrapped in favour of a more light hearted style way late as far as most developers would be concerned.

The Valve team have also spent a huge amount of time looking into a shooter that incorporated a commander for each team who had some form of overlord viewing angle and the ability to give players on the ground information and orders. The idea was tested and redesigned countless times, but there was no way to guarantee that both the commander and the fighters would both have fun in any given game; the possibility of a poor commander or lousy squad members messing up the whole experience weighed too heavily on Valve and, after all the invested time, they abandoned the idea completely. There were many other detours on the way to making TF2 the game it is today, and Valve has a blog open that sort of regularly posts messages about such things as well as in-progress update news.

Graphical Style

Early concept art for the Demoman.

The art style in Team Fortress 2 was drastically changed from that of the original, which strove for the appearance of military realism. By contrast, TF2 has a comical, cartoon-like appearance, with characters having deliberately humorous taunts and exaggerated animations. Ever wondered what The Incredibles would look like as a class-based first-person shooter? TF2 is your answer. Valve constructed the models and architecture of TF2 using the Source Engine, their in-house development platform and graphics engine, but made several major modifications to the shader system along the way. The reflections in Team Fortress 2 all have a more rubbery look to them, even on the characters. This causes models to have more defined silhouettes even in darker locations, an effect intended to improve the readability of other players during combat.

The classes themselves were built explicitly to be identifiable and easy to recognize immediately at any distance to prevent confusion; this has contributed considerably to the ubiquity of the game's characters in internet chat rooms as well as encouraged the Valve team to make a number of "Meet the Team" videos starring the individual characters. The individual classes now, as a result, have personalities and characteristics that are fleshed out to a degree never attained by a multiplayer shooter. Despite the cartoonish feel the game displays, this should not be interpreted to mean technical laxity; the "Meet the Team" videos are all done with the in-game engine and speak for themselves if you need convincing on this point.

Golden Wrench Charity Event

With the release of the Engineer Update on July 8, 2010 one hundred " Golden Wrenches" were randomly handed out to players to replace their Engineer's regular wrench. Shortly after this event one of the lucky few to receive a Golden Wrenche realised that he may not even be lucky: Jon "WiNGSPANTT" Tran of decided to destroy his specimen as it seems to him that it is cursed. In his words it has "served as a source of constant inquiry, hate, jealousy, and unwanted negative attention."

Wanting to get something good out of this, WiNGSPANTT opened a small donation platform favouring the Child's Play Charity. Along with him, 7 other Golden Wrench owners stepped up do destroy their item as well. For every 25 donations of $10 or more, the identity of one of those 7 would be revealed. Needless to say that mark has been overstepped.

The wrenches were destroyed on August 31, 2010. Which resulted in a "worldwide" notice to every TF2 player currently playing on a server, just as when a Golden Wrench was found during the 3 days of the Engineer update.

System Requirements

Minimum PC System Requirements

  • CPU: 1.7 GHz Processor
  • RAM: 512 MB
  • Graphics card: DirectX 8.1 capable
  • Windows 7/Vista/XP

Recommended PC System Requirements

  • CPU: Pentium 4 3.0 GHz or better
  • RAM: 1 GB
  • Graphics card: DirectX 9 capable
  • Windows 7/Vista/XP

Minimum Mac System Requirements

  • OS X version Leopard 10.5.8, Snow Leopard 10.6.3
  • RAM: 1GB
  • Graphics card: NVIDIA GeForce 8 or higher, ATI X1600 or higher, or Intel HD 3000 or higher

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